# Java Program to Check the Multiplicability of Two Matrices

• Last Updated : 29 Oct, 2020

Given two matrices, the task to check Multiplicability of them. Matrices can either be square or rectangular. Matrices must have the same datatype.  Multiplicablity of the matrix depends on their ROWS and COLUMNS. If the Columns of the first matrix are equal to the Rows of the second matrix then both the matrices are multiplicable.

Example:

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```Input : mat1[][] = {{1, 2, 3},
{4, 5, 6}}
mat2[][] = {{7,  8 },
{9,  10},
{11, 12}}
Output : Multiplication Possible
Resultant matrix will have 2X2 dimension.

Input : mat1[][] = {{2, 4},
{3, 4},
{1, 2}}
mat2[][] = {{1, 2},
{1, 3}}
Output : Multiplication Not Possible

```

Approach:

1. Check Data-type of both the matrices.
2. If Data-types are the same then proceed with the program.
3. Else break the program and print not possible.
4. If the number of columns in the first matrix is the same as the number of rows in the second matrix then print Possible and the dimension of the resultant matrix will be N x M, where N is the number of rows of the first matrix and M is the number of columns of the second matrix.
5. Else print not possible.

Below is the implementation of the above approach.

## Java

 `// Java Program to Check the ``// Multiplicability of Two Matrices`` ` `class` `GFG {``   ` `    ``public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args)``    ``{``        ``// Given Two Matrices``        ``int``[][] matrixA = { { ``1``, ``2``, ``3` `}, { ``4``, ``5``, ``6` `} };``        ``int``[][] matrixB``            ``= { { ``7``, ``8` `}, { ``9``, ``10` `}, { ``11``, ``12` `} };`` ` `        ``int` `row1 = matrixA.length;``        ``int` `column1 = matrixA[``0``].length;``        ``int` `row2 = matrixB.length;``        ``int` `column2 = matrixB[``0``].length;`` ` `        ``if` `(column1 == row2) {``            ``System.out.println(``"Multiplication Possible"``);``            ``System.out.println(``"Resultant matrix will have "``                               ``+ row1 + ``"X"` `+ column2``                               ``+ ``" dimension."``);``        ``}``        ``else``            ``System.out.println(``                ``"Multiplication Not Possible"``);``    ``}``}`
Output
```Multiplication Possible
Resultant matrix will have 2X2 dimension.

```

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