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java.lang.ref.WeakReference Class In Java

  • Last Updated : 06 Aug, 2021

When we create an object in Java, an object isn’t weak by default. To create a Weak Reference Object, we must explicitly specify this to the JVM. 

Why Weak Reference Objects are used: 

Unlike C/C++, Java supports Dynamic Garbage Collection. This is performed when the JVM runs the Garbage Collector. In order to not waste space, the garbage collector deletes all unreachable objects. However, in order to mark an object for garbage collection, we can create a weak reference object.


Java




// Java Program to show the usage of
// java.lang.ref.WeakReference Class
import java.lang.ref.WeakReference;
class GFG {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // creating a strong object of MyClass
        MyClass obj = new MyClass();
       
        // creating a weak reference of type MyClass
        WeakReference<MyClass> wobj
            = new WeakReference<>(obj);
        System.out.println(
            "-> Calling Display Function using strong object:");
        obj.Display();
        System.out.println("-> Object set to null");
        obj = null;
        obj = wobj.get();
        System.out.println(
            "-> Calling Display Function after retrieving from weak Object");
        obj.Display();
    }
}
class MyClass {
    void Display()
    {
        System.out.println("Display Function invoked ...");
    }
}
Output



-> Calling Display Function using strong object:
Display Function invoked ...
-> Object set to null
-> Calling Display Function after retrieving from weak Object
Display Function invoked ...
Output
-> Calling Display Function using strong object:
Display Function invoked ...
-> Object set to null
-> Calling Display Function after retrieving from weak Object
Display Function invoked ...

Constructors in the WeakReference Class:

ParametersDescription
WeakReference ( T referent )This constructor creates a new weak reference that refers to the given object.
WeakReference ( T referent, ReferenceQueue <T> q)This constructor creates a new weak reference that refers to the given object and is registered with the given queue.

Methods inherited from Reference Class

MethodDescription
clear ( )This method clears this reference object.
enqueue ( )This method adds this reference object to the queue with which it is registered if any.
get ( )This method returns this reference object’s referent.
isEnqueued ( )This method tells whether this reference object has been enqueued, either by the program or by the garbage collector.

Implementation of Methods :

Java




// Java Program to show the usage of
// java.lang.ref.WeakReference Class
import java.lang.ref.WeakReference;
class GFG {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        X obj = new X();
        WeakReference<X> weakobj
            = new WeakReference<X>(obj);
        System.out.println(
            "-> Retrieving object from weak reference using get ()");
        weakobj.get().show();
        System.out.println(
            "-> Is it possible to queue object using enqueue ()");
        System.out.println(weakobj.enqueue());
        System.out.println(
            "-> Checking if reference is queued using isEnqueued ()");
        System.out.println(weakobj.isEnqueued());
    }
}
class X {
    void show()
    {
        System.out.println("show () from X invoked..");
    }
}
Output
-> Retrieving object from weak reference using get ()
show () from X invoked..
-> Is it possible to queue object using enqueue ()
false
-> Checking if reference is queued using isEnqueued ()
false
Output
-> Retreiving object from weak reference using get ()
show () from X invoked..
-> Is it possible to queue object using enqueue ()
false
-> Checking if reference is queued using isEnqueued ()
false

 

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