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How to Get the Device’s IMEI and ESN Programmatically in Android?

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  • Last Updated : 22 Jul, 2022
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Many times while building Android Applications we require a unique identifier to identify the specific mobile users. For identifying that user we use a unique address or identity. For generating that unique identity we can use the android device id. In this article, we will take a look at How to get Device IMEI and ESN Programmatically in Android. 

Step by Step Implementation

Step 1: Create a New Project in Android Studio

To create a new project in Android Studio please refer to How to Create/Start a New Project in Android Studio. The code for that has been given in both Java and Kotlin Programming Language for Android.

Step 2: Working with the XML Files

Navigate to the app > res > layout > activity_main.xml and add the below code to that file. Below is the code for the activity_main.xml file. 

XML




<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:id="@+id/idRLContainer"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">
  
    <!-- in the below line, we are creating a text view for heading -->
    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/idTVHeading"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_above="@id/idTVIMEI"
        android:layout_centerInParent="true"
        android:layout_margin="20dp"
        android:gravity="center"
        android:padding="10dp"
        android:text="Device IMEI in Android"
        android:textAlignment="center"
        android:textColor="@color/black"
        android:textSize="20sp"
        android:textStyle="bold" />
  
    <!-- in the below line, we are creating a text view for displaying imei -->
    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/idTVIMEI"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_centerInParent="true"
        android:layout_margin="20dp"
        android:gravity="center"
        android:padding="10dp"
        android:textAlignment="center"
        android:textColor="@color/black"
        android:textSize="20sp"
        android:textStyle="bold" />
</RelativeLayout>

Step 3: Working with the MainActivity File

Go to the MainActivity File and refer to the following code. Below is the code for the MainActivity File. Comments are added inside the code to understand the code in more detail.

Kotlin




import android.Manifest
import android.content.pm.PackageManager
import android.os.Bundle
import android.telephony.TelephonyManager
import android.widget.TextView
import android.widget.Toast
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity
import androidx.core.app.ActivityCompat
  
class MainActivity : AppCompatActivity() {
  
    // in the below line, we are creating variables.
    private val REQUEST_CODE = 101
    private lateinit var imei: String
  
    override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main)
  
        // in the below line, we are initializing our variables.
        val telephonyManager = getSystemService(TELEPHONY_SERVICE) as TelephonyManager
        val imeiTextView = findViewById<TextView>(R.id.idTVIMEI)
  
        // in the below line, we are checking for permissions
        if (ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.READ_PHONE_STATE) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            // if permissions are not provided we are requesting for permissions.
            ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, arrayOf(Manifest.permission.READ_PHONE_STATE), REQUEST_CODE)
        }
  
        // in the below line, we are setting our imei to our text view.
        imei = telephonyManager.imei
        imeiTextView.text = imei
    }
  
    // in the below line, we are calling on request permission result method.
    override fun onRequestPermissionsResult(requestCode: Int, permissions: Array<String>, grantResults: IntArray) {
        super.onRequestPermissionsResult(requestCode, permissions, grantResults)
  
        if (requestCode == REQUEST_CODE) {
            // in the below line, we are checking if permission is granted.
            if (grantResults.isNotEmpty() && grantResults[0] == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
                // if permissions are granted we are displaying below toast message.
                Toast.makeText(this, "Permission granted.", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show()
            } else {
                // in the below line, we are displaying toast message if permissions are not granted.
                Toast.makeText(this, "Permission denied.", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show()
            }
        }
    }
}

Java




import android.Manifest;
import android.content.pm.PackageManager;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.telephony.TelephonyManager;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.Toast;
import androidx.annotation.NonNull;
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;
import androidx.core.app.ActivityCompat;
  
public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
  
    // in the below line, we are creating variables
    final int REQUEST_CODE = 101;
    String imei;
  
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
  
        // in the below line, we are initializing our variables.
        TelephonyManager telephonyManager = (TelephonyManager) getSystemService(TELEPHONY_SERVICE);
        TextView imeiTextView = findViewById(R.id.idTVIMEI);
  
        // in the below line, we are checking for permissions
        if (ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.READ_PHONE_STATE) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            // if permissions are not provided we are requesting for permissions.
            ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.READ_PHONE_STATE}, REQUEST_CODE);
        }
  
        // in the below line, we are setting our imei to our text view.
        imei = telephonyManager.getImei();
        imeiTextView.setText(imei);
    }
  
    // in the below line, we are calling on request permission result method.
    @Override
    public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, @NonNull String[] permissions, @NonNull int[] grantResults) {
        super.onRequestPermissionsResult(requestCode, permissions, grantResults);
  
        if (requestCode == REQUEST_CODE) {
            // in the below line, we are checking if permission is granted.
            if (grantResults.length != 0 && grantResults[0] == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
                // if permissions are granted we are displaying below toast message.
                Toast.makeText(this, "Permission granted.", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            } else {
                // in the below line, we are displaying toast message 
                // if permissions are not granted.
                Toast.makeText(this, "Permission denied.", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            }
        }
    }
}

Step 4: Adding the below Permissions to AndroidManifest.xml

Navigate to the AndroidManifest.xml file and add the below permissions to it in the manifest tag.

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_PHONE_STATE" />
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_PRIVILEGED_PHONE_STATE" />

Output:

Getting Device's IMEI and ESN Programmatically in Android

 


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