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How to display XML data in web page using PHP ?
  • Last Updated : 31 Mar, 2021

In this article, we are going to display data present in an XML file on a web page using PHP through the XAMPP server. PHP is a server-side scripting language that is mainly for processing web data. The XML stands for an extensible markup language.

Requirements:

  • XAMPP server

Syntax:

<root>
   <child>
   <subchild>.....</subchild>
   </child>
</root>

Approach: We are going to use mainly two functions in our PHP code. The simplexml_load_file() function is used to convert an XML document to an object.



  • simplexml_load_file
    simplexml_load_file(name of XML file)
    
  • children(): The children() function finds the children of a specified node.
    $xml_data->children()
    

Steps to execute:

  • Step 1: Start XAMPP server.
  • Open notepad and type the following codes in xml_data.xml and code.php formats The xml_data.xml: Consider student XML data as an example.

    xml_data.xml




    <?xml version = "1.0" encoding = "utf-8"?>
    <collegedata>
       <department category = "IT">
          <subjects lang = "en">java</subjects>
          <name>G.Sravan Kumar</name>
          <age>22</age>
          <marks>98</marks>
          <address>guntur</address>
       </department>
         
       <department category = "CSE">
          <subjects lang = "en">Python</subjects>
          <name>B. Naga sudheer</name>
          <age>28</age>
          <marks>96</marks>
           <address>guntur</address>
       </department>
         
       <department category = "IT">
          <subjects lang = "en">sql</subjects>
          <name>Radha</name>
          <age>25</age>
          <marks>78</marks>
           <address>guntur</address>
       </department>
           
    </collegedata>
  • Step 3:The following is the code for code.php file.

    code.php




    <?php
    // Start php code
    // Load xml file into xml_data variable
    $xml_data = simplexml_load_file("xml_data.xml") or 
    die("Error: Object Creation failure");
    // Use foreach loop to display data and for sub elements access,
    // We will use children() function
    foreach ($xml_data->children() as $data)
    {
        //display each sub element in xml file
        echo "Subject name : ", $data->subjects . "<br> ";
        echo "Student name : ", $data->name . "<br> ";
        echo "Student age : ", $data->age . "<br> ";
        echo "Student marks : ", $data->marks . "<br>";
        echo "Student address : ", $data->address . "<br>";
        echo "------------------------------------";
        echo "<br>";
    }
    ?>
  • Step 4: Save these two files in xampp/htdocs/geek folder. The developer can use any other folder instead of geek folder.

Output: Open your browser and type localhost/geek/code.php to see the output.

XML data 




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