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How to create Static Variables in JavaScript ?

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To create a static variable in JavaScript, you can use a closure or a function scope to encapsulate the variable within a function. This way, the variable maintains its state across multiple invocations of the function.

  • Static keyword in JavaScript: The static keyword is used to define a static method or property of a class. To call the static method we do not need to create an instance or object of the class.
  • Static variable in JavaScript: We used the static keyword to make a variable static just like the constant variable is defined using the const keyword. It is set at the run time and such type of variable works as a global variable. We can use the static variable anywhere. The value of the static variable can be reassigned, unlike the constant variable.

Why do we create a static variable in JavaScript?

In JavaScript, we simulate static variables using closures or other patterns to share state among instances, persist data between calls, or encapsulate information. These “static-like” variables enhance modularity and encapsulation, providing a way to maintain a state without relying on global variables.

Example 1: In the below example, we will create a static variable and display it on the JavaScript console.

Javascript

class Example {
    static staticVariable = 'GeeksforGeeks';
 
    //static variable defined
    static staticMethod() {
        return 'static method has been called.';
    }
}
// static variable called
console.log(Example.staticVariable);
// static method called
console.log(Example.staticMethod());

                    

Output
GeeksforGeeks
static method has been called.

Example 2: Static variable is called using this keyword.

Javascript

class Example {
    static staticVariable = 'GeeksforGeeks';
    //static variable defined
    static staticMethod() {
        return 'staticVariable : ' + this.staticVariable;
    }
}
// static method called
console.log(Example.staticMethod());

                    

Output
staticVariable : GeeksforGeeks


Last Updated : 16 Jan, 2024
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