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Floating point number precision in JavaScript

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  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 12 Jan, 2023
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The representation of floating points in JavaScript follows the IEEE-754 format. It is a double precision format where 64 bits are allocated for every floating point. The displaying of these floating values could be handled using 2 methods: 

Using toFixed() Method: The number of decimal places in float values can be set using the toFixed() method. This method converts the number into a string, keeping the specified number of digits after the point. If no value is passed as a parameter, then it takes 0 as default value i.e. no decimal points are displayed. 

Syntax:

number.toFixed(digits)

Example: 

html




<h1 style="color: green">
    GeeksforGeeks
</h1>
  
<b>
    Floating point number precision
    in JavaScript?
</b>
  
<p>
    Original floating point: 3.14159265359
</p>
  
<p>
    Floating point when decimal places set
    to 2: <span class="output-2"></span>
</p>
  
<p>
    Floating point when decimal places set
    to 5: <span class="output-5"></span>
</p>
  
<button onclick="setDecimalPlaces()">
    Change decimal points
</button>
  
<script type="text/javascript">
    function setDecimalPlaces() {
        pi = 3.14159265359;
        twoPlaces = pi.toFixed(2);
        fivePlaces = pi.toFixed(5);
      
        document.querySelector('.output-2').textContent
                = twoPlaces;
        document.querySelector('.output-5').textContent
                = fivePlaces;
    }
</script>

Output:

Floating point number precision in JavaScript

Floating point number precision in JavaScript

Using toPrecision() Method: The number of total digits in float values can be set using the toPrecision() method. This method converts the number into a string, keeping the total number of digits of the value as specified and rounding them to the nearest number. If no value is passed as a parameter, then the function acts as a toString() function effectively returning the value passed as a string. 

Syntax:

number.toPrecision(precision)

Example: 

html




<h1 style="color: green">
    GeeksforGeeks
</h1>
  
<b>
    Floating point number precision
    in JavaScript?
</b>
  
<p>
    Original floating point: 3.14159265359
</p>
  
<p>
    Floating point when precision set to
    2: <span class="output-2"></span>
</p>
  
<p>
    Floating point when precision set to
    5: <span class="output-5"></span>
</p>
  
<button onclick="setPrecision()">
    Click to check
</button>
  
<script type="text/javascript">
    function setPrecision() {
        pi = 3.14159265359;
        twoPlaces = pi.toPrecision(2);
        fivePlaces = pi.toPrecision(5);
      
        document.querySelector('.output-2').textContent
                = twoPlaces;
        document.querySelector('.output-5').textContent
                = fivePlaces;
    }
</script>

Output:

Floating point number precision in JavaScript

Floating point number precision in JavaScript


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