CSS | invert() Function

The invert() function is an inbuilt function that is used to apply a filter to the image to set the invert of the color of the sample image.


invert( amount )

Parameters: This function accepts single parameter amount which holds the amount of conversion. The value of invert is set in terms of value and percentage. The value 0% represents original image and 100% represents the inverted image.

The invert() function internally uses the following formula, to computer the inverse of the image:

amount * (255 - value) + (1 - amount) * value

The value of inversion is controlled by the variable amount, the variable value lies between 0 – 1(floating) range (this is done by converting the passed percentage of color inversion to a value between 0-1). The value is the the color value of the pixel. (255-value) gives the color after subtracting the color value with the max pixel value, assumes that the value of the pixel is in the range 0 – 255 (though input image sample space could be stretched/scaled to meet the specified criteria).

Below is a table containing a list of inversion percentages and the result they produce.

Inversion Result
0% Original Image
50% Image with each pixel having grey color
100% Completely inverted Image

Below example illustrates CSS invert() function in CSS:





<!DOCTYPE html> 
    <title>CSS invert() Function</title
        h1 {
        body {
        .invert_effect {
            filter: invert(100%);
    <h2>CSS invert() function</h2>
    <img class="invert_effect" src
        alt="GeeksforGeeks logo"



Supported Browsers: The browsers supported by invert() function are listed below:

  • Google Chrome
  • Internet Explorer
  • Firefox
  • Safari
  • Opera

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