Open In App

Top 10 Countries With the Highest Suicide Rate In the World

Last Updated : 01 Apr, 2024
Like Article

Explore the latest suicide statistics worldwide, including the Highest suicide rate countries. Understand the global suicide rate ranking, prevention efforts, and the list of leading nations with high suicide rates.

Suicide is a serious global health problem, with over 700,000 people dying by suicide each year. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), suicide is the fourth leading cause of death among young people aged 15-29.

While suicide rates vary widely from country to country, there are a number of factors that are consistently associated with high suicide rates, including mental health problems, economic hardship, and social isolation.

This article will explore the top 10 countries with the highest suicide rates in the world in 2023, based on data from the WHO. It will also discuss some of the common factors that contribute to suicide, as well as resources that are available to help people who are struggling with suicidal thoughts.

“According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the global suicide rate in 2023 is 11.4 people per 100,000 people. However, this rate varies widely from country to country.”

Top 10 Countries With the Highest Suicide Rates

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the top 10 countries with the highest suicide rates include:

Highest Suicide Rate Countries

Suicide Rate

Lesotho 72.4
Guyana 40.3
Eswatini 29.4
South Korea 28.6
Kiribati 28.3
Federated States of Micronesia 28.2
Lithuania 26.1
Suriname 25.4
Russia 25.1
South Africa 23.5

Note: It is important to note that these are just the top 10 countries with the highest suicide rates. There are many other countries with high suicide rates, and the problem is global.

1. Lesotho


Lesotho, a small landlocked nation found inside South Africa, has been confronting a critical challenge in terms of its suicide rate. The country’s interesting social, financial, and social variables contribute to its high suicide rate. As of 2019, Lesotho had one of the highest suicide rates in the world, with a surmised rate of 72.4 suicides per 100,000 people. Several variables contribute to the high suicide rate in Lesotho.

2. Guyana


Guyana, a nation situated in South America, has confronted a squeezing challenge in terms of its suicide rate. Guyana is estimated to have one of the most elevated suicide rates globally, standing at roughly 40.3 suicides per 100,000 people. This disturbing measurement has highlighted the perplexing web of socio-economic, social, and mental components contributing to this concerning drift inside the country.

3. Eswatini


Eswatini, a small isolated country in Southern Africa, has struggled with high suicide rates. This nation, once known as Swaziland, has attracted notice owing to its typically high suicide rate, which has been a topic of worry for open wellness experts and politicians.

Eswatini’s suicide rate was projected to be at 29.4 suicides per 100,000 inhabitants. This statistic ranked Eswatini among the countries with some of the world’s highest suicide rates. The variables that lead to this frightening occurrence are numerous and complex, encompassing a combination of sociological, economic, psychological, and mental elements.

4. South Korea


South Korea has been dealing with an enormous and stressful issue with its suicide rate. Generally, the nation has been recognized to have one of the world’s most noteworthy suicide rates. The causes of these marvels are changed and complicated, including social, social, financial, and mental elements.

The high suicide rate in South Korea is caused by an assortment of factors. Weight to attain academically and professionally, in conjunction with fierce competition, has created a troublesome and unpleasant climate, particularly for the more youthful era. This could lead to mental wellbeing issues, sadness, and sentiments of hopelessness.

5. Kiribati


Kiribati, a Pacific island nation, has faced serious issues in terms of suicide rates. While exact data vary from year to year, estimates reveal that Kiribati has one of the world’s highest suicide rates. Components such as limited access to mental health resources, financial struggles, and social weights have all contributed to this alarming trend.

The inaccessible area and segregation of Kiribati’s islands might have an impact on the accessibility to essential services, including mental health support. Social and social factors also play a role, since shame about one’s mental health might prevent people from seeking help. Natural changes and the threat of increasing sea levels have further added to the current obstacles, perhaps aggravating feelings of hopelessness and despair.

6. Federated States of Micronesia


The Federated States of Micronesia, a nation within the western Pacific Ocean, has had issues with mental wellbeing and suicide rates. The suicide rate within the Combined States of Micronesia was around 28.2 suicides per 100,000 inhabitants.

This rate emphasizes the need of treating mental health issues and implementing measures to assist persons dealing with emotional and mental obstacles. Components contributing to local suicide rates may include limited access to mental health resources, societal stigma around mental health discussions, and socioeconomic issues.

7. Lithuania


Lithuania has faced a persistent difficulty in the form of a high suicide rate, which has garnered significant attention both nationally and abroad. This troubling slant has sparked urgent issues about the core components leading to this problem.

With suicide rates estimated to be between 25 and 30 per 100,000 people, Lithuania’s fight with mental health and well-being has prompted a need for comprehensive intercessions and support networks. Financial insecurity, social segregation, verifiable setting, and limited mental well-being assets have been identified as potential contributors to this issue.

8. Suriname


According to accessible information, the suicide rate in Suriname is 25.4 per 100,000 individuals. This figure speaks to the number of suicides per 100,000 individuals within the nation. It is important to highlight that suicide rates can be impacted by an assortment of components, including social, temperate, societal, and mental wellbeing contemplations. In case you or somebody you know is battling with mental wellbeing concerns or self-destructive considerations, it is important to look for support from mental wellbeing masters or helpline organizations in your zone.

9. Russia


Russia has an exceptionally high suicide rate, which has been a source of worry both broadly and all inclusive. Suicide rates in Russia are higher due to an assortment of components. Budgetary challenges, liquor manhandle, mental wellbeing shame, and a desire for open mental wellbeing organisations are a few of the complicated perspectives related to the issue. Social and money-related changes all through the post-Soviet period also contributed to the general mental wellbeing environment.

10. South Africa


South Africa has a troubling suicide rate of 23.5 per 100,000 people. This metric reflects a serious open health concern inside the country. The rate not only emphasizes the need for mental health mindfulness and intervening processes, but it also illustrates the complex societal, economic, and mental factors that lead to such results.

The high suicide rate in South Africa highlights the need for comprehensive mental health initiatives and support structures. To address this issue, a multifaceted strategy is required, including available mental health administrations, mindfulness initiatives, and destigmatization efforts. When developing persuasive treatments, financial inconsistencies, social weights, and other systemic elements must be considered.

Highest Suicide Rate Countries

  • Lesotho, Guyana, and Eswatini top the list with the highest suicide rates globally.
  • Factors include socioeconomic issues, lack of mental health resources, and cultural attitudes towards suicide.

Top Suicide Rate by Country

  • South Korea and Lithuania feature prominently due to various societal pressures.
  • High rates are also seen in countries with significant rural populations facing economic hardships.

Countries with Highest Suicide

  • Russia and South Africa are notable mentions, with significant numbers despite diverse cultural backgrounds.
  • Public health strategies are crucial in addressing the root causes in these regions.

Suicide Statistics Worldwide

  • Over 700,000 people die due to suicide annually, according to WHO.
  • Suicide is the fourth leading cause of death among 15-29-year-olds globally.

Global Suicide Rate Ranking

  • The global average stands at 10.5 per 100,000 people.
  • Variations exist due to reporting standards and preventive measures across countries.

Suicide Rates by Country 2023

  • An uptick in rates is observed in post-pandemic analyses, highlighting the mental health impact of COVID-19.
  • Ongoing research aims to understand the long-term effects on different demographics.

World Suicide Rate Comparison

  • Western Pacific and European regions report higher rates, influenced by societal norms and economic factors.
  • Lower rates in some countries may reflect underreporting or effective intervention strategies.

Leading Countries in Suicide Rates

  • Japan, despite its advanced economy, faces challenges with societal pressures leading to higher suicide rates.
  • India’s vast population and diverse socio-economic factors contribute to its position in global rankings.

Suicide Prevention and Country Rankings

  • Countries with comprehensive mental health policies and accessible care, like Finland and Norway, show lower suicide rates.
  • Prevention strategies include public awareness campaigns, education, and destigmatization of mental health issues.

High Suicide Rate Countries List

  • This list serves as a call to action for global health authorities to prioritize mental health and suicide prevention.
  • Collaboration and sharing of successful intervention strategies are key to reducing global suicide rates.

For a detailed information including both men and women, We recommend visiting these sources directly as they are likely to have the most up-to-date and comprehensive data available.

Source Description Link
Wikipedia’s List of Countries by Suicide Rate Provides a comprehensive list of suicide rates by country, potentially including age-standardized rates and breakdowns by gender. Visit Wikipedia
World Population Review’s Suicide Rate by Country 2024 Offers a summary of countries with the highest suicide rates, which might include gender-specific data. Visit World Population Review
Statista’s Suicide Mortality Rate, Leading Countries Worldwide May provide specific data on suicide rates for men and women in the leading countries. Visit Statista
The World Bank’s Suicide Mortality Rate, Male Focused on male suicide mortality rates, this database could be a starting point for gathering part of the requested data. Visit The World Bank
WHO’s Suicide Rate Estimates, Age-standardized Provides age-standardized suicide rate estimates by country, which may include gender-specific rates. Visit WHO

Factors Influencing Suicide Rates

Diverse components impact suicide rates. According to the World Wellbeing Organization, a few of the variables that might lead to more prominent suicide rates include a family history of suicide, child abuse, alcohol and drug abuse, and mental illnesses.

Suicide is a complex issue with no single cause. However, there are a number of factors that can contribute to suicide, including

  • Mental health problems: Mental health problems, such as depression, anxiety, and bipolar disorder, are some of the most common risk factors for suicide.
  • Substance abuse: Substance abuse, such as alcohol and drug abuse, can also contribute to suicide. Substance abuse can impair judgment and decision-making, and can also lead to feelings of hopelessness and despair.
  • Social isolation: Social isolation can also be a risk factor for suicide. People who feel isolated and alone may be more likely to experience suicidal thoughts.
  • Financial difficulties: Financial difficulties can also contribute to suicide. People who are struggling financially may feel hopeless and desperate, and may turn to suicide as a way to escape their problems.
  • Past trauma: Past trauma, such as childhood abuse or neglect, can also be a risk factor for suicide. People who have experienced trauma may be more likely to develop mental health problems, such as depression and anxiety, which can increase their risk of suicide.

To neutralize developing suicide rates, it is essential to advance mental wellbeing, decrease disgrace, and give access to amazing mental wellbeing treatment. Collaboration among governments, communities, and people is essential to battling this worldwide challenge.:

If you are concerned that you or someone you know may be at risk of suicide, please reach out for help. There are many resources available to support you.

List of Suicide Prevention Hotlines Country-wise

Here is a list of suicide prevention hotlines country-wise:

Country Hotline
Algeria 0021 3983 2000 58
Argentina 135
Armenia (2) 538194
Australia 13 11 14
Austria 142
Belgium 1813
Brazil 188
Bulgaria 0035 9249 17 223
Canada 1-833-456-4566
China 10080
Colombia 123
Croatia 1486
Czech Republic 116 123
Denmark 70 20 12 01
Egypt 762155
Estonia 372 655 8088
Finland 09 2525 0111
France 3114
Germany 0800 111 0 111
Greece 1110
Hong Kong 2896-0000
Hungary 116 123
Iceland 1717
India 91-9820466726
Indonesia 119
Ireland 116 123
Israel 1201
Italy 199 284 284
Japan 0120-01-9634
Kenya 111
Korea, Republic of (South Korea) 1392
Latvia 116 111
Lebanon 1564
Lithuania 116 123
Luxembourg 116 123
Malaysia 988
Malta 179
Mexico 01-800-456-5873
Morocco 112
Netherlands 113
New Zealand 0800 543 354
Nigeria 0803 222 5253
Norway 116 123
Pakistan 103
Peru 105
Philippines 2919
Poland 22 484 88 01
Portugal 116 123
Romania 116 123
Russia 051
Saudi Arabia 920011309
Serbia 112
Singapore 1767
Slovakia 116 111
Slovenia 116 123
South Africa 0800 567 567
Spain 717 00 37 17
Sweden 90101
Switzerland 143
Taiwan 1995
Thailand 1323
Tunisia 112
Turkey 182
Ukraine 732
United Arab Emirates +971 4 234 1818
United Kingdom 116 123
United States 988
Uruguay 0800 0767
Venezuela 171
Vietnam 116123

Conclusion – Top Suicide Rate by Country

In conclusion, the 2023 global suicide rates highlight a complex issue. Nations like Lesotho, Guyana, and Russia face alarming rates, emphasizing the need for comprehensive interventions. Economic disparities and mental health stigma contribute significantly. To address this crisis, prioritizing mental health awareness, accessible care, and destigmatization is crucial. Only through collective efforts can we reduce these distressing statistics and create a more resilient society worldwide.

Suicide Rate by Country 2024 – FAQs

In which country suicide rate is highest in 2023?

According to the World Health Organization, the country with the highest suicide rate in 2023 is Lesotho, with a rate of 75.6 suicides per 100,000 people. The suicide rate in India in 2023 is 12.4 suicides per 100,000 people.

What is the suicide rate of India in 2023?

According to the World Health Organization, the suicide rate in India in 2023 is 12.4 suicides per 100,000 people. This means that an estimated 1,51,114 people died by suicide in India in 2023.

How many suicides in Australia 2023?

According to the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW), there were an estimated 477 suspected deaths by suicide in Australia between January and June 2023. This is slightly lower than the number of suspected or confirmed deaths by suicide reported over the same period in 2022 (483) and higher than the numbers reported in 2021 (459), 2020 (421) and 2019 (430).

How many suicidal deaths in 2023 in India?

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the estimated number of suicides in India in 2023 is 1,51,114.

Suicide is a complex issue with many contributing factors, including mental health problems, economic hardship, and social isolation. In India, some of the specific factors that have been linked to suicide include poverty, unemployment, substance abuse, and domestic violence.

Which country has the highest suicide rate in the world?

Lesotho has the highest suicide rate in the world, with 87.48 suicides per 100,000 people.

What are some of the countries with the highest suicide rates?

Countries with some of the highest suicide rates include Lesotho, Guyana, Eswatini, South Korea, the Federated States of Micronesia, Lithuania, and Suriname.

How does Guyana rank in terms of global suicide rates?

Guyana is estimated to have one of the highest suicide rates globally, with roughly 40.3 suicides per 100,000 people.

Which OECD country has the highest suicide rate?

South Korea has the highest suicide rate among OECD countries.

Are there gender differences in suicide rates across countries?

Yes, there are gender differences in suicide rates. For example, in Mexico, Poland, and the Slovak Republic, the gender gap in suicide rates is notable.

Where can I find a list of countries by suicide rate?

Lists of countries by estimated suicide rates are published by the World Health Organization (WHO) and can also be found on various reputable websites like Wikipedia, World Population Review, and Wise Voter.

Like Article
Suggest improvement
Share your thoughts in the comments

Similar Reads