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# Check if incoming edges in a vertex of directed graph is equal to vertex itself or not

• Last Updated : 19 May, 2021

Given a directed Graph G(V, E) with V vertices and E edges, the task is to check that for all vertices of the given graph, the incoming edges in a vertex is equal to the vertex itself or not.
Examples:

Input: Output: Yes
Explanation:
For vertex 0 there are 0 incoming edges, for vertex 1 there is 1 incoming edge. Same for vertex 2 nd 3.

Approach: The idea is to traverse adjacency list for every vertex, and increment the count of edges of every vertex that has an incoming edge from i. Repeat the steps for every vertex and then check the in degrees for all the vertices equal to vertex value or not.
Below is the implementation of the above approach:

## C++

 `// C++ implementation to check if the``// incoming edges in a vertex of directed``// graph is equal to the vertex itself or not` `#include ``using` `namespace` `std;` `// A utility function to``// add an edge in an``// directed graph``void` `add_edge(vector<``int``> adj[],``              ``int` `x, ``int` `y)``{``    ``adj[x].push_back(y);``}` `// Function to check that given graph``// in-degree value equal to vertex value``bool` `Indegree(vector<``int``> adj[], ``int` `v)``{``    ``// Create array indeg``    ``// intialized to zero``    ``int` `indeg[v] = { 0 };` `    ``// Traversing across all``    ``// vertex to compute``    ``// in degree value``    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < v; i++) {``        ``for` `(``int` `j = 0; j < adj[i].size(); j++) {``            ``indeg[adj[i][j]]++;``        ``}``    ``}` `    ``// check in degree value``    ``// equal to vertex value``    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < v; i++) {``        ``if` `(i == indeg[i])``            ``continue``;``        ``else``            ``return` `false``;``    ``}``    ``return` `true``;``}` `// Driver code``int` `main()``{` `    ``int` `v = 4;` `    ``// To store adjacency list of graph``    ``vector<``int``> adj[v];``    ``add_edge(adj, 0, 1);``    ``add_edge(adj, 1, 2);``    ``add_edge(adj, 0, 2);``    ``add_edge(adj, 0, 3);``    ``add_edge(adj, 1, 3);``    ``add_edge(adj, 2, 3);` `    ``if` `(Indegree(adj, v))``        ``cout << ``"Yes"``;` `    ``else``        ``cout << ``"No"``;``}`

## Java

 `// Java implementation to check if the``// incoming edges in a vertex of directed``// graph is equal to the vertex itself or not``import` `java.util.*;` `class` `GFG{` `// A utility function to``// add an edge in an``// directed graph``static` `void` `add_edge(Vector adj[],``                     ``int` `x, ``int` `y)``{``    ``adj[x].add(y);``}` `// Function to check that given graph``// in-degree value equal to vertex value``static` `boolean` `Indegree(Vector adj[],``                        ``int` `v)``{``    ` `    ``// Create array indeg``    ``// intialized to zero``    ``int` `indeg[] = ``new` `int``[v];` `    ``// Traversing across all``    ``// vertex to compute``    ``// in degree value``    ``for``(``int` `i = ``0``; i < v; i++)``    ``{``        ``for``(``int` `j = ``0``; j < adj[i].size(); j++)``        ``{``            ``indeg[adj[i].get(j)]++;``        ``}``    ``}` `    ``// Check in degree value``    ``// equal to vertex value``    ``for``(``int` `i = ``0``; i < v; i++)``    ``{``        ``if` `(i == indeg[i])``            ``continue``;``        ``else``            ``return` `false``;``    ``}``    ``return` `true``;``}` `// Driver code``public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args)``{` `    ``int` `v = ``4``;` `    ``// To store adjacency list of graph``    ``@SuppressWarnings``(``"unchecked"``)``    ``Vector []adj = ``new` `Vector[v];``    ``for``(``int` `i = ``0``; i < adj.length; i++)``        ``adj[i] = ``new` `Vector();``        ` `    ``add_edge(adj, ``0``, ``1``);``    ``add_edge(adj, ``1``, ``2``);``    ``add_edge(adj, ``0``, ``2``);``    ``add_edge(adj, ``0``, ``3``);``    ``add_edge(adj, ``1``, ``3``);``    ``add_edge(adj, ``2``, ``3``);` `    ``if` `(Indegree(adj, v))``        ``System.out.print(``"Yes"``);``    ``else``        ``System.out.print(``"No"``);``}``}` `// This code is contributed by Amit Katiyar`

## Python3

 `# Python3 implementation to check if the``# incoming edges in a vertex of directed``# graph is equal to the vertex itself or not` `# A utility function to``# add an edge in an``# directed graph``def` `add_edge(adj, x, y):``    ` `    ``adj[x] ``=` `adj[x] ``+` `[y]` `# Function to check that given graph``# in-degree value equal to vertex value``def` `Indegree(adj, v):` `    ``# Create array indeg``    ``# intialized to zero``    ``indeg ``=` `[``0``] ``*` `v` `    ``# Traversing across all``    ``# vertex to compute``    ``# in degree value``    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(v):``        ``for` `j ``in` `range``(``len``(adj[i])):``            ``indeg[adj[i][j]] ``+``=` `1` `    ``# Check in degree value``    ``# equal to vertex value``    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(v):``        ``if``(i ``=``=` `indeg[i]):``            ``continue``        ``else``:``            ``return` `False` `    ``return` `True` `# Driver code``if` `__name__ ``=``=` `'__main__'``:` `    ``v ``=` `4` `    ``# To store adjacency list of graph``    ``adj ``=` `[[]] ``*` `4``    ``add_edge(adj, ``0``, ``1``)``    ``add_edge(adj, ``1``, ``2``)``    ``add_edge(adj, ``0``, ``2``)``    ``add_edge(adj, ``0``, ``3``)``    ``add_edge(adj, ``1``, ``3``)``    ``add_edge(adj, ``2``, ``3``)` `    ``if``(Indegree(adj, v)):``        ``print``(``"Yes"``)``    ``else``:``        ``print``(``"No"``)` `# This code is contributed by Shivam Singh`

## C#

 `// C# implementation to check if the``// incoming edges in a vertex of directed``// graph is equal to the vertex itself or not``using` `System;``using` `System.Collections.Generic;` `class` `GFG{` `// A utility function to``// add an edge in an``// directed graph``static` `void` `add_edge(List<``int``> []adj,``                     ``int` `x, ``int` `y)``{``    ``adj[x].Add(y);``}` `// Function to check that given graph``// in-degree value equal to vertex value``static` `bool` `Indegree(List<``int``> []adj,``                          ``int` `v)``{``    ` `    ``// Create array indeg``    ``// intialized to zero``    ``int` `[]indeg = ``new` `int``[v];` `    ``// Traversing across all``    ``// vertex to compute``    ``// in degree value``    ``for``(``int` `i = 0; i < v; i++)``    ``{``        ``for``(``int` `j = 0; j < adj[i].Count; j++)``        ``{``            ``indeg[adj[i][j]]++;``        ``}``    ``}` `    ``// Check in degree value``    ``// equal to vertex value``    ``for``(``int` `i = 0; i < v; i++)``    ``{``        ``if` `(i == indeg[i])``            ``continue``;``        ``else``            ``return` `false``;``    ``}``    ``return` `true``;``}` `// Driver code``public` `static` `void` `Main(String[] args)``{` `    ``int` `v = 4;` `    ``// To store adjacency list of graph``    ``List<``int``> []adj = ``new` `List<``int``>[v];``    ``for``(``int` `i = 0; i < adj.Length; i++)``        ``adj[i] = ``new` `List<``int``>();``        ` `    ``add_edge(adj, 0, 1);``    ``add_edge(adj, 1, 2);``    ``add_edge(adj, 0, 2);``    ``add_edge(adj, 0, 3);``    ``add_edge(adj, 1, 3);``    ``add_edge(adj, 2, 3);` `    ``if` `(Indegree(adj, v))``        ``Console.Write(``"Yes"``);``    ``else``        ``Console.Write(``"No"``);``}``}` `// This code is contributed by Amit Katiyar`

## Javascript

 ``
Output:
`Yes`

Time Complexity: O(V + E)
Auxiliary Space Complexity: O(V)

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