Given two strings S1 and S2(all characters are in lower-case). The task is to check if S2 can be formed from S1 using given constraints:
1. Characters of S2 is there in S1 if there are two ‘a’ in S2, then S1 should have two ‘a’ also.
2. If any character of S2 is not present in S1, check if the previous two ASCII characters are there in S1. e.g., if ‘e’ is there in S2 and not in S1, then ‘c’ and ‘d’ can be used from S1 to make ‘e’.
Note: All characters from S1 can be used only once.
Input: S= abbat, W= cat
‘c’ is formed from ‘a’ and ‘b’, ‘a’ and ‘t’ is present in S1.
Input: S= abbt, W= cat
‘c’ is formed from ‘a’ and ‘b’, but to form the next character
‘a’ in S2, there is no more unused ‘a’ left in S1.
Approach: The above problem can be solved using hashing. The count of all the characters in S1 is stored in a hash-table. Traverse in the string, and check if the character in S2 is there in the hash-table, reduce the count of that particular character in the hash-table. If the character is not there in the hash-table, check if the previous two ASCII characters are there in the hash-table, then reduce the count of the previous two ASCII characters in the hash-table. If all the characters can be formed from S1 using the given constraints, the string S2 can be formed from S1, else it cannot be formed.
Below is the implementation of the above approach:
Don’t stop now and take your learning to the next level. Learn all the important concepts of Data Structures and Algorithms with the help of the most trusted course: DSA Self Paced. Become industry ready at a student-friendly price.
- Check whether a binary string can be formed by concatenating given N numbers sequentially
- Construct a binary string following the given constraints
- Check if a string can be converted to another string by replacing vowels and consonants
- Check if left and right shift of any string results into given string
- Check if the given string is shuffled substring of another string
- Check if a string can be repeated to make another string
- Check if a given string is a Reverse Bitonic String or not
- Count of strings that can be formed from another string using each character at-most once
- Longest Palindrome in a String formed by concatenating its prefix and suffix
- Check if a string is substring of another
- Check if a string is the typed name of the given name
- Check if the given string is K-periodic
- How to check if string contains only digits in Java
- Quick way to check if all the characters of a string are same
- Check if the Depth of Parentheses is correct in the given String
- How to check string is alphanumeric or not using Regular Expression
- Check whether the string S1 can be made equal to S2 with the given operation
- Check if a given string is made up of two alternating characters
- Check if a string is made up of K alternating characters
- Check whether the string can be printed using same row of qwerty keypad
If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to firstname.lastname@example.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.
Please Improve this article if you find anything incorrect by clicking on the "Improve Article" button below.