C# | Set the bit at a specific position in the BitArray to the specified value

The BitArray class manages a compact array of bit values, which are represented as Booleans, where true indicates that the bit is on i.e, 1 and false indicates the bit is off i.e, 0. This class is contained in System.Collections namespace.
BitArray.Set(Int32, Boolean) method is used to set the bit at a specific position in the BitArray to the specified value.

Properties:

  • The BitArray class is a collection class in which the capacity is always the same as the count.
  • Elements are added to a BitArray by increasing the Length property.
  • Elements are deleted by decreasing the Length property.
  • Elements in this collection can be accessed using an integer index. Indexes in this collection are zero-based.

Syntax:

public void Set (int index, bool value);

Parameters:

index : The zero-based index of the bit to set.
value : The Boolean value to assign to the bit.

Exception: This method will give ArgumentOutOfRangeException if the index is less than zero or the index is greater than or equal to the number of elements in the BitArray.

Note: This method is an O(1) operation.

Below programs illustrate the use of BitArray.Set(Int32, Boolean) Method:

Example 1:

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// C# code to set the bit at
// a specific position in the
// BitArray to the specified value
using System;
using System.Collections;
  
class GFG {
  
    // Driver code
    public static void Main()
    {
  
        // Creating a BitArray myBitArr
        // Initializing all the values to false
        BitArray myBitArr = new BitArray(5, false);
  
        // Printing the values in myBitArr
        // It should display all the bits as false
        Console.WriteLine("Initially the bits are as : ");
  
        PrintIndexAndValues(myBitArr);
  
        // Setting bit at index 3 to true
        myBitArr.Set(3, true);
  
        // Printing the values in myBitArr
        Console.WriteLine("Finally the bits are as : ");
  
        PrintIndexAndValues(myBitArr);
    }
  
    // Function to display bits
    public static void PrintIndexAndValues(IEnumerable myArr)
    {
        foreach(Object obj in myArr)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(obj);
        }
    }
}

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Output:

Initially the bits are as : 
False
False
False
False
False
Finally the bits are as : 
False
False
False
True
False

Example 2:

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// C# code to set the bit at
// a specific position in the
// BitArray to the specified value
using System;
using System.Collections;
  
class GFG {
  
    // Driver code
    public static void Main()
    {
  
        // Creating a BitArray myBitArr
        BitArray myBitArr = new BitArray(5);
  
        // Initializing all the bits in myBitArr
        myBitArr[0] = false;
        myBitArr[1] = true;
        myBitArr[2] = true;
        myBitArr[3] = false;
        myBitArr[4] = true;
  
        // Printing the values in myBitArr
        Console.WriteLine("Initially the bits are as : ");
  
        PrintIndexAndValues(myBitArr);
  
        // Setting bit at index 2 to false
        myBitArr.Set(2, false);
  
        // Setting bit at index 3 to true
        myBitArr.Set(3, true);
  
        // Printing the values in myBitArr
        Console.WriteLine("Finally the bits are as : ");
  
        PrintIndexAndValues(myBitArr);
    }
  
    // Function to display bits
    public static void PrintIndexAndValues(IEnumerable myArr)
    {
        foreach(Object obj in myArr)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(obj);
        }
    }
}

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Output:

Initially the bits are as : 
False
True
True
False
True
Finally the bits are as : 
False
True
False
True
True

Reference:



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