C# | Copying the entire ArrayList to 1-D Array starting at the specified index

ArrayList.CopyTo(Array, Int32) Method is used to copy the entire ArrayList to a compatible one-dimensional Array, starting at the specified index of the target array.

Syntax:

public virtual void CopyTo (Array array, int arrayIndex);

Parameters:

array: It is the one-dimensional Array that is the destination of the elements copied from ArrayList. The Array must have zero-based indexing.

arrayIndex: It is the zero-based index in array at which copying begins.



Exceptions:

  • ArgumentNullException: If the array is null.
  • ArgumentOutOfRangeException: If the arrayIndex is less than zero.
  • ArgumentException: If the array is multidimensional OR the number of elements in the source ArrayList is greater than the number of elements that the destination array can contain.
  • InvalidCastException: If the type of the source ArrayList cannot be cast automatically to the type of the destination array.

Below programs illustrate the use of above-discussed method:

Example 1:

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// C# code to illustrate the
// ArrayList.CopyTo(Array, Int32)
// Method
using System;
using System.Collections;
  
class GFG {
  
    // Driver code
    public static void Main()
    {
  
        // Creating an ArrayList
        ArrayList myList = new ArrayList();
  
        // Adding elements to ArrayList
        myList.Add("A");
        myList.Add("B");
        myList.Add("C");
        myList.Add("D");
  
        // Creates and initializes the
        // one-dimensional target Array.
        String[] arr = new String[6];
  
        // adding elements to Array
        arr[0] = "HTML";
        arr[1] = "PHP";
        arr[2] = "Java";
        arr[3] = "Python";
        arr[4] = "C#";
        arr[5] = "OS";
  
        Console.WriteLine("Before Method: ");
  
        Console.WriteLine("\nArrayList Contains: ");
  
        // Displaying the elements in myList
        for (int i = 0; i < myList.Count; i++) {
            Console.WriteLine("myList[{0}] : {1}", i, myList[i]);
        }
  
        Console.WriteLine("\nArray Contains: ");
  
        // Displaying the elements in arr
        for (int i = 0; i < arr.Length; i++) {
            Console.WriteLine("arr[{0}] : {1}", i, arr[i]);
        }
  
        Console.WriteLine("After Method: ");
  
        // Copying the entire source ArrayList
        // to the target Array starting at
        // index 2.
        myList.CopyTo(arr, 2);
  
        Console.WriteLine("\nArrayList Contains: ");
  
        // Displaying the elements in myList
        for (int i = 0; i < myList.Count; i++) {
            Console.WriteLine("myList[{0}] : {1}", i, myList[i]);
        }
  
        Console.WriteLine("\nArray Contains: ");
  
        // Displaying the elements in arr
        for (int i = 0; i < arr.Length; i++) {
            Console.WriteLine("arr[{0}] : {1}", i, arr[i]);
        }
    }
}

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Output:

Before Method: 

ArrayList Contains: 
myList[0] : A
myList[1] : B
myList[2] : C
myList[3] : D

Array Contains: 
arr[0] : HTML
arr[1] : PHP
arr[2] : Java
arr[3] : Python
arr[4] : C#
arr[5] : OS
After Method: 

ArrayList Contains: 
myList[0] : A
myList[1] : B
myList[2] : C
myList[3] : D

Array Contains: 
arr[0] : HTML
arr[1] : PHP
arr[2] : A
arr[3] : B
arr[4] : C
arr[5] : D

Example 2:

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// C# code to illustrate the
// ArrayList.CopyTo(Array, Int32)
// Method
using System;
using System.Collections;
  
class GFG {
  
    // Driver code
    public static void Main()
    {
  
        // Creating an ArrayList
        ArrayList myList = new ArrayList();
  
        // Adding elements to ArrayList
        myList.Add("A");
        myList.Add("B");
        myList.Add("C");
        myList.Add("D");
  
        // Creates and initializes the
        // one-dimensional target Array.
        // Here array size is only 2 i.e
        // it can hold only 3 elements.
        String[] arr = new String[2];
  
        Console.WriteLine("Before Method: ");
  
        Console.WriteLine("\nArrayList Contains: ");
  
        // Displaying the elements in myList
        for (int i = 0; i < myList.Count; i++) {
            Console.WriteLine("myList[{0}] : {1}", i, myList[i]);
        }
  
        Console.WriteLine("\nArray Contains: ");
  
        // Displaying the elements in arr
        for (int i = 0; i < arr.Length; i++) {
            Console.WriteLine("arr[{0}] : {1}", i, arr[i]);
        }
  
        Console.WriteLine("After Method: ");
  
        // using Method but It will give
        // Runtime Error as number of elements
        // in the source ArrayList is greater
        // than the number of elements that
        // the destination array can contain
        myList.CopyTo(arr, 2);
  
        Console.WriteLine("\nArrayList Contains: ");
  
        // Displaying the elements in myList
        for (int i = 0; i < myList.Count; i++) {
            Console.WriteLine("myList[{0}] : {1}", i, myList[i]);
        }
  
        Console.WriteLine("\nArray Contains: ");
  
        // Displaying the elements in arr
        for (int i = 0; i < arr.Length; i++) {
            Console.WriteLine("arr[{0}] : {1}", i, arr[i]);
        }
    }
}

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Runtime Error:

Unhandled Exception:
System.ArgumentException: Destination array was not long enough. Check destIndex and length, and the array’s lower bounds
Parameter name: destinationArray

Reference:



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