bitset count() in C++ STL


bitset::count() is an inbuilt STL in C++ which returns the number of set bits in the binary representation of a number.

Syntax:

int count() 

Parameter: The function accepts no parameter.

Return Value: The function returns the number of set bits. It returns the total number of ones or the number of set bits in the binary representation of the number if the passed number is an integer.

Below programs illustrates the bitset::count() function.



Program 1:

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// CPP program to illustrate the
// bitset::count() function
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
  
int main()
{
    // Initialisation of a bitset
    bitset<4> b1(string("1100"));
    bitset<6> b2(string("001000"));
  
    // Function to count the
    // number of set bits in b1
    int result1 = b1.count();
    cout << b1 << " has " << result1
         << " set bit\n";
  
    // Function to count the
    // number of set bits in b2
    int result2 = b2.count();
    cout << b2 << " has " << result2
         << " set bit";
  
    return 0;
}

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Output:

1100 has 2 set bit
001000 has 1 set bit

Program 2:

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// CPP program to illustrate the
// bitset::count() function
// when the input is an integer
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
  
int main()
{
    // Initialisation of a bitset
    bitset<4> b1(16);
    bitset<4> b2(18);
  
    // Function to count the
    // number of set bits in b1
    int result1 = b1.count();
    cout << b1 << " has " << result1
         << " set bit\n";
  
    // Function to count the
    // number of set bits in b2
    int result2 = b2.count();
    cout << b2 << " has " << result2
         << " set bit";
  
    return 0;
}

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Output:

0000 has 0 set bit
0010 has 1 set bit


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