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BigIntegerMath floorPowerOfTwo() function | Guava | Java

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  • Last Updated : 26 Jul, 2021

The method floorPowerOfTwo(BigInteger x) of Guava’s BigIntegerMath class returns the largest power of two less than or equal to x. This is equivalent to BigInteger.valueOf(2).pow(log2(x, FLOOR)).
Syntax: 
 

public static BigInteger floorPowerOfTwo(BigInteger x)

Parameters: This method takes the BigInteger x as parameter whose floor power of two is to be found.
Return Value: This method returns the largest power of two less than or equal to x.
Exceptions: This method throws IllegalArgumentException if x <= 0.
Below examples illustrates the BigIntegerMath.floorPowerOfTwo() method:
Example 1:
 

Java




// Java code to show implementation of
// floorPowerOfTwo() method
// of Guava's BigIntegerMath class
 
import java.math.*;
import com.google.common.math.BigIntegerMath;
 
class GFG {
 
    // Driver code
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
        BigInteger n1 = BigInteger.valueOf(10);
 
        // Using floorPowerOfTwo(BigInteger x) method
        // of Guava's BigIntegerMath class
        BigInteger
            ans1
            = BigIntegerMath.floorPowerOfTwo(n1);
 
        System.out.println("Largest power of 2 less "
                           + "than or equal to " + n1
                           + " is: " + ans1);
 
        BigInteger n2 = BigInteger.valueOf(127);
 
        // Using floorPowerOfTwo(BigInteger x) method
        // of Guava's BigIntegerMath class
        BigInteger
            ans2
            = BigIntegerMath.floorPowerOfTwo(n2);
 
        System.out.println("Largest power of 2 less "
                           + "than or equal to " + n2
                           + " is: " + ans2);
    }
}

Output: 
 

Largest power of 2 less than or equal to 10 is: 8
Largest power of 2 less than or equal to 127 is: 64

Example 2: To show IllegalArgumentException
 

Java




// Java code to show implementation of
// floorPowerOfTwo(BigInteger x) method
// of Guava's BigIntegerMath class
 
import java.math.*;
import com.google.common.math.BigIntegerMath;
 
class GFG {
 
    // Driver code
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
 
        try {
            BigInteger n1 = BigInteger.valueOf(-3);
 
            // Using floorPowerOfTwo(BigInteger x) method
            // of Guava's BigIntegerMath class
            // This should raise "IllegalArgumentException"
            // as x <= 0
            BigInteger
                ans1
                = BigIntegerMath.floorPowerOfTwo(n1);
 
            System.out.println("Largest power of 2 less "
                               + "than or equal to " + n1
                               + " is: " + ans1);
        }
        catch (Exception e) {
            System.out.println("Exception: " + e);
        }
    }
}

Output: 
 

Exception: java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: x (-3) must be > 0

Reference: https://google.github.io/guava/releases/21.0/api/docs/com/google/common/math/BigIntegerMath.html#floorPowerOfTwo-java.math.BigInteger-
 


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