# BigDecimal multiply() Method in Java

1. The java.math.BigDecimal.multiply(BigDecimal multiplicand) is an inbuilt method in java that returns a BigDecimal whose value is (this × multiplicand), and whose scale is (this.scale() + multiplicand.scale()).

Syntax:

```public BigDecimal multiply(BigDecimal multiplicand)
```

Parameters: This method accepts a single parameter multiplicand of BigDecimal type which refers to the Value to be multiplied by this BigDecimal.

Return value: This method returns a BigDecimal whose value this * multiplicand.

Below program illustrates the working of the above mentioned method:
Program 1:

 `// Java program to demonstrate the ` `// multiply() method ` ` `  `import` `java.math.*; ` ` `  `public` `class` `gfg { ` ` `  `    ``public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args) ` `    ``{ ` ` `  `        ``// Assign two BigDecimal objects ` `        ``BigDecimal b1 = ``new` `BigDecimal(``"54.2"``); ` `        ``BigDecimal b2 = ``new` `BigDecimal(``"14.20"``); ` ` `  `        ``// Multiply b1 with b2 and assign result to b3 ` `        ``BigDecimal b3 = b1.multiply(b2); ` ` `  `        ``// Print b3 value ` `        ``System.out.println(``"Multiplication is "` `+ b3); ` `    ``} ` `} `

Output:

```Multiplication is 769.640
```

Program 2:

 `// Java program to demonstrate the ` `// multiply() method ` ` `  `import` `java.math.*; ` ` `  `public` `class` `Gfg { ` ` `  `    ``public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args) ` `    ``{ ` ` `  `        ``// Assign two BigDecimal objects ` `        ``BigDecimal b1 = ``new` `BigDecimal(``"-54.2"``); ` `        ``BigDecimal b2 = ``new` `BigDecimal(``"14.20"``); ` ` `  `        ``// Multiply b1 with b2 and assign result to b3 ` `        ``BigDecimal b3 = b1.multiply(b2); ` ` `  `        ``// Print b3 value ` `        ``System.out.println(``"Multiplication is "` `+ b3); ` `    ``} ` `} `

Output:

```Multiplication is -769.640
```
2. The java.math.BigDecimal.multiply(BigDecimal multiplicand, MathContext mc) is an inbuilt method in Java that returns a BigDecimal whose value is (this × multiplicand), with rounding according to the context settings.

Syntax:

```public BigDecimal multiply(BigDecimal multiplicand, MathContext mc)
```

Parameters: This method accepts two parameters:

• multiplicand – This is of BigDecimal type and refers to the value to be multiplied by this BigDecimal.
• mc – This refers to the context of rounding i.e., up to what decimal place the value is to be rounded off.

Return value: This method returns a BigDecimal whose value this * multiplicand, rounded as necessary.

Program below demonstrates the method:

Program 1:

 `// Java program to demonstrate the ` `// multiply() method ` `import` `java.math.*; ` ` `  `public` `class` `Gfg { ` ` `  `    ``public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args) ` `    ``{ ` ` `  `        ``// 4 precision ` `        ``MathContext m = ``new` `MathContext(``4``);  ` ` `  `        ``// Assign value to BigDecimal objects ` `        ``BigDecimal b1 = ``new` `BigDecimal(``"5.99"``); ` `        ``BigDecimal b2 = ``new` `BigDecimal(``"4.6"``); ` ` `  `        ``// Multiply b1 with b2 using m ` `        ``BigDecimal b3 = b1.multiply(b2, m); ` ` `  `        ``// Print b3 value ` `        ``System.out.println(``"Multiplication is "` `+ b3); ` `    ``} ` `} `

Output:

```Multiplication is 27.55
```

Program 2:

 `// Java program to demonstrate the ` `// multiply() method ` `import` `java.math.*; ` ` `  `public` `class` `Gfg { ` ` `  `    ``public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args) ` `    ``{ ` ` `  `        ``// 4 precision ` `        ``MathContext m = ``new` `MathContext(``4``);  ` ` `  `        ``// Assign value to BigDecimal objects ` `        ``BigDecimal b1 = ``new` `BigDecimal(``"-5.99"``); ` `        ``BigDecimal b2 = ``new` `BigDecimal(``"4.6"``); ` ` `  `        ``// Multiply b1 with b2 using m ` `        ``BigDecimal b3 = b1.multiply(b2, m); ` ` `  `        ``// Print b3 value ` `        ``System.out.println(``"Multiplication is "` `+ b3); ` `    ``} ` `} `

Output:

```Multiplication is -27.55
```

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