Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Improve Article

Atomics.xor() In JavaScript

  • Last Updated : 26 Apr, 2018
Geek Week


What is Atomics?

  • The Atomics is an object in JavaScript which provides the ability to perform atomic operations as static methods.
  • Just like the Math object in JavaScript all the properties and methods of Atomics are also static.
  • Atomics are used with SharedArrayBuffer(generic fixed-length binary data buffer) objects.
  • Atomics are not constructors like other global objects.
  • Atomics cannot be used with a new operator or can be invoked as a function.

Atomics Operations in JavaScript
Multiple threads can read and write the same data in memory when there shared memory is. To ensure that predicted values are written and read accurately, another operation cannot start until and unless the current one finishes. Atomic operations also cannot be interrupted.

Atomics.xor() Method

  • Among the Atomic Operations, there is an inbuilt operation Atomics.xor() in JavaScript that is used to compute a bitwise XOR with a given value at a given position in the array.
  • Atomics.xor() operation returns the old value at that position.
  • The integer typedarray, index, and the value are passed as an argument to the function and it returns the value that has been stored in the respective array.

Syntax:

Atomics.xor(typedArray, index, value)

Parameters Used:



  1. typedarray: It is the shared integer typed array Int8Array, Uint8Array, Int16Array etc.
  2. index: It is the position in the typedArray to compute bitwise XOR.
  3. value: The number to compute bitwise XOR with.

Return value:
Atomics.xor() returns the old value at the given position(typedArray[index]).

Examples of the above function are given below:

Examples:

Input : arr[0] = 7
        Atomics.xor(arr, 0, 2)
Output : 5
Input : arr[0] = 4
        Atomics.xor(arr, 0, 3)
Output : 7

Code for the above function are provided below:

Code 1:




<script>
    // creating a SharedArrayBuffer
    var buf = new SharedArrayBuffer(16);
var arr = new Uint8Array(buf);
  
// Initialising element at zeroth position of array with 7
arr[0] = 7;
  
// Displaying the SharedArrayBuffer
console.log(Atomics.load(arr, 0));
  
// Displaying the return value of the Atomics.xor() method
console.log(Atomics.xor(arr, 0, 2));
  
// Displaying the updated SharedArrayBuffer
console.log(Atomics.load(arr, 0));

OUTPUT:

7
5
5

Code 2:




<script>
    // creating a SharedArrayBuffer
    var buf = new SharedArrayBuffer(25);
var arr = new Uint8Array(buf);
  
// Initialising element at zeroth position of array with 3
arr[0] = 3
  
         // Displaying the SharedArrayBuffer
         console.log(Atomics.load(arr, 0));
  
// Displaying the return value of the Atomics.xor() method
console.log(Atomics.xor(arr, 0, 5));
  
// Displaying the updated SharedArrayBuffer
console.log(Atomics.load(arr, 0));

OUTPUT:

3
6
6

Application:
Whenever we want to compute bitwise XOR with any value and want to return the computed value, we use Atomics.xor() operation in JavaScript.

Let’s see a JavaScript Program :




<script>
    // creating a SharedArrayBuffer
    var mybuffer = new SharedArrayBuffer(25);
var myarray = new Uint8Array(mybuffer);
  
// Initialising the element at zeroth position of array
myarray[0] = 15;
  
// Displaying the return value of the Atomics.xor() method
console.log(Atomics.xor(myarray, 0, 10));
  
// Displaying the updated SharedArrayBuffer
console.log(Atomics.load(myarray, 0));

OUTPUT:

5
5

Exceptions:

  • If the typedArray is not one of the allowed integer types then the Atomics.xor( ) operation throws a TypeError.
  • If the typedArray is not a shared typed array then the Atomics.xor( ) operation throws a TypeError.
  • If the index used as an argument to the Atomics.xor( ) operation is out of the bound in the typedArray then the Atomics.store( ) operation throws a RangeError.

Hey geek! The constant emerging technologies in the world of web development always keeps the excitement for this subject through the roof. But before you tackle the big projects, we suggest you start by learning the basics. Kickstart your web development journey by learning JS concepts with our JavaScript Course. Now at it’s lowest price ever!




My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :