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atomic.CompareAndSwapUintptr() Function in Golang With Examples
  • Last Updated : 01 Apr, 2020

In Go language, atomic packages supply lower-level atomic memory that is helpful is implementing synchronization algorithms. The CompareAndSwapUintptr() function in Go language is used to perform the compare and swap operation for an uintptr value. This function is defined under the atomic package. Here, you need to import “sync/atomic” package in order to use these functions.

Syntax:

func CompareAndSwapUintptr(addr *uintptr, old, new uintptr) (swapped bool)

Here, addr indicates address, old indicates uintptr value that is old one, and new is the uintptr new value that will swap itself from the old value is stored at addr.

Note: (*uintptr) is the pointer to a uintptr value. And uintptr is an unsigned integer type that is too large and contains a bit pattern of any pointer.

Return Value: It returns true if swapping is accomplished else it returns false.



Example 1:




// Program to illustrate the usage of
// CompareAndSwapUintptr function in Golang
  
// Including main package
package main
  
// importing fmt and sync/atomic
import (
    "fmt"
    "sync/atomic"
)
  
// Main function
func main() {
  
    // Assigning variable
    // values to the uintptr
    var (
        i uintptr = 34764686
        j uintptr = 41343432525245
        k uintptr = 0
    )
  
    // Calling CompareAndSwapUintptr 
    // method with its parameters
    Swap1 := atomic.CompareAndSwapUintptr(&i,
                         34764686, 647567565)
      
    Swap2 := atomic.CompareAndSwapUintptr(&j,
                          41343432525245, 76)
      
    Swap3 := atomic.CompareAndSwapUintptr(&k,
                                       0, 15)
  
    // Displays true if 
    // swapped else false
    fmt.Println(Swap1)
    fmt.Println(Swap2)
    fmt.Println(Swap3)
  
    // Prints addr
    fmt.Println(i)
    fmt.Println(j)
    fmt.Println(k)
}

Output:

true
true
true
647567565
76
15

Example 2:




// Program to illustrate the usage of
// CompareAndSwapUintptr function in Golang
  
// Including main package
package main
  
// Importing fmt and sync/atomic
import (
    "fmt"
    "sync/atomic"
)
  
// Main function
func main() {
  
    // Assigning variable 
    // values to the uintptr
    var (
        x uintptr = 56466244
    )
  
    // Swapping operation
    var oldvalue = atomic.SwapUintptr(&x, 2344444)
  
    // Printing old value 
    // and swapped value
    fmt.Println("Swapped_value:", x,
            ", old_value:", oldvalue)
  
    // Calling CompareAndSwapUintptr 
    // method with its parameters
    Swap := atomic.CompareAndSwapUintptr(&x,
                         56466244, 13232324)
  
    // Displays true if 
    // swapped else false
    fmt.Println(Swap)
    fmt.Println(x)
}

Output:

Swapped_value: 2344444, old_value: 56466244
false
2344444

Here, the swapped value obtained from the swapping operation must be the old value of the CompareAndSwapUintptr() method but here the old value taken is the old value of swapping operation which is not correct that’s why false is returned.




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