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Are 5x and 4xy like terms?

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  • Last Updated : 15 Jan, 2022

The concept of algebra taught us how to express an unknown value using letters such as x, y, z, etc. These letters are termed here as variables. This expression can be a combination of both variables and constants. Any value that is placed before and multiplied by a variable is termed a coefficient.

An idea of expressing numbers using letters or alphabets without specifying their actual values is defined as an algebraic expression.

What is an Algebraic Expression?

It is an expression that is made up of variables and constants along with algebraic operations such as addition, subtraction, etc.. these Expressions are made up of terms. Algebraic expressions are the equations when the operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, etc. are operated upon any variable.

A combination of terms by the operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, etc is termed as An algebraic expression (or) a variable expression.

Examples: 2x + 4y – 7, 3x – 10, etc.

The above expressions are represented with the help of unknown variables, constants, and coefficients. The combination of these three terms is termed as an expression. Unlike the algebraic equation, it has no sides or ‘equals to’ sign.

Types of Algebraic Expression

Based on the number of terms in the expression, algebraic expressions are divided into 3 parts:

  • Monomial Expression
  • Binomial Expression
  • Polynomial Expression

Monomial Expression

An expression that has only one term is termed a Monomial expression.

Examples of monomial expressions include 5×4, 3xy, 2x, 5y, etc.

Binomial Expression

An algebraic expression which is having two terms and unlike are termed as a binomial expression

Examples of binomial include 2xy + 8, xyz + x2, etc.

Polynomial Expression

An expression that has more than one term with non-negative integral exponents of a variable is termed a polynomial expression.      

Examples of polynomial expression include ax + by + ca, x3 + 5x + 3, etc.

32x + 15y is a polynomial of two terms in two variables x and y.

15ab + 55a + 25 is a polynomial of three terms in two variables a and b.

Other Types of Expression

We have other expressions also apart from monomial, binomial, and polynomial types of expressions which are

  • Numeric Expression
  • Variable Expression

Numeric Expression

An expression that consists of only numbers and operations, but never includes any variable is termed a numeric expression.

Some of the examples of numeric expressions are 14 + 5, 18 ÷ 2, etc.

Variable Expression

An expression that contains variables along with numbers and operations to define an expression is termed as A variable expression.

Some examples of a variable expression include 4x + y, 5ab + 53, etc.

Some Important Algebraic Formulae

There are some terms of algebraic expression which basically used,

(a + b)2 = a2 + 2ab + b2

(a – b)2 = a2 – 2ab + b2

(a + b)(a – b) = a2 – b2

(x + a)(x + b) = x2 + x(a + b) + ab

(a + b)3 = a3 + b3 + 3ab(a + b)

(a – b)3 = a3 – b3 – 3ab(a – b)

a3 – b3 = (a – b)(a2 + ab + b2)

a3 + b3 = (a + b)(a2 – ab + b2)

Example: If 2x2+3xy+4x+7 is an algebraic expression. Determine the equation.

Solution:

2x2, 3xy, 4x, and 7 are the Terms

Coefficient of term: 2 is the coefficient of x2

Constant term: 7

Variables: here x, y are variables

Factors of a term: If 2xy is a term, then its factors are 2, x, and y.

Like and Unlike terms : Example of like and unlike terms:

  • Like terms: 4x and 3x
  • Unlike terms: 2x and 4y

Are 5x and 4xy like terms?

Answer: 

Like terms: Terms that are having same variable or terms having variables with the same exponent power for them are called Like terms.

Example: 6x & 16x and 5xy2 & 8xy2, here, 6x and 16x are called Like Terms because they have the same coefficient of x .

Unlike terms: Terms that are having different variables or terms having variables with different exponent power for them are called Unlike terms.

Example: 7z & 16x and 7x2 & 7x3, here, 7z and 16x are called Unlike Terms because they have different coefficients of z and x .

Now the answer to the above question is NO, 5x and 4xy are not like terms as 5x and 4xy both have different variables with different coefficient of x and y.

Similar Questions

Question 1: Examples of like terms?

Answer: 

Terms that are having same variable or terms having variables with the same exponent power for them are called Like terms.

Example : 4x, 6x, 9x, and -3x

Here x is the common variable in all the above terms so these are like terms.

Question 2: Example of unlike terms?

Answer: 

Terms that are having different variables or terms having variables with different exponent power for them are called Unlike terms.

Example : 2x + 19y , 4x – 5x2 , 5x + 6y 

Question 3: Identify like terms and unlike terms from the following:

8zy2x, 2y2z, 7xy2z, 3xz2y2, 4x2yz

Answer:

Like Terms: 8zy2x,7xy2z

Now Unlike terms = 2y2z, 3xz2y2, 4x2yz 

Question 4: What type of algebraic expression is 3x + 5?

Answer:

An algebraic expression which is having two terms and unlike are termed as a binomial expression.

Here 3x + 5 has two monomial 3x and 5 and hence it is a binomial and every binomial is a type of polynomial.  

Therefore, 3x + 5 is a binomial.

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