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B.R.Ambedkar and his Contribution

Last Updated : 21 Jan, 2024
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Ambedkar Jayanti refers to the annual commemoration of the birth anniversary of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, who is widely referred to as the father of the Indian Constitution. This day is observed on April 14th every year to honor his contributions to Indian society and the Dalit community. Dr. Ambedkar was a social reformer, jurist, economist, and politician who worked tirelessly toward the upliftment of the marginalized sections of society. His legacy continues to inspire millions of people in India and around the world.


B.R Ambedkar

Contribution of B.R. Ambedkar

Bharat Ratna Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar is known as the “Father of Indian Constitution”  as he chaired the Drafting Committee of the Constitutional Parliament. He is commonly known as Baba Saheb and was the first Minister of Justice of India. He was a legal scholar, a politician, and a social reformer. B.R. Ambedkar was a major activist and social reformer who devoted his whole life to working for the Dalits and uplifting the socially backward class of India.

Dr. Ambedkar was an education-hungry role model for activists with MA, Ph.D., M.Sc., D.Sc, barrister-at-law, L.L.D, D.Litt. and many more educational qualifications. In total, he had 36 degrees and diplomas. Dr. Ambedkar stoked his library with more than 50000 books. Instead of that he was the first Indian to pursue a doctorate degree in economics abroad And is popularly known as the “Symbol of Knowledge” and “The Sign of Information”. 

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar has devoted his whole life to reserve human rights. It can be said that his main concern was the people of the Dalit community, but he worked for many, not just the people. 

Dr. Ambedkar, The Father of Indian Constitution

On August 29, 1947, Ambedkar was appointed along with seven other members to draft an independent Indian Constitution. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was appointed as the chairman of the drafting committee. The constitution of Ambedkar guarantees and protection for a wide range of civil liberties for individual citizens, including religious freedom, the abolition of untouchables, and the prohibition of all forms of discrimination. Ambedkar can certainly be regarded as the “chief architect of the Indian Constitution” due to his many outstanding contributions. His efforts to eradicate social illness are remarkable, which is why he is dubbed and oppressed as the “messiah” of the Indian Dalits.

The Constitution was passed on November 26, 1949, and approved by Parliament. The Constitution came into force on January 26, 1950, which is celebrated nationally as Republic Day.

Baba Saheb’s fight against Caste Discrimination

In spite of living in the 21st century, Caste Discrimination is still practiced by people throughout India. India has a society based on a hierarchical caste system, not only among Hindus but also among other castes. Previously, people in the lower classes did not have access to all resources and were also abused by the higher classes. Untouchables were considered very impure, so when a caste member comes into contact with them, that member becomes impure.

Ambedkar himself has been a victim of social illness since childhood because he was a child of the Mahar caste which was considered the lower class.  According to Ambedkar, the basic unit of Hindu society is caste. Ambedkar campaigned against the caste system, he began movements and marches to open drinking water resources for all people not just for higher class people. He started movements to give equal rights to untouchables to enter Hindu temples and worship God. In 1927, he led thousands of followers to burn copies of Manusmriti. And many mothers have other tasks to cut down this evil from Indian society. Through his social movement, he wanted to instill in his mind the idea of ​​uncontrollable self-esteem, self-confidence, and self-esteem. Therefore, his movement is often referred to as the “self-respect movement. 

Dr. Ambedkar worked for spreading Education

Dr. Ambedkar saw education as an important tool for improving the overall well-being of the oppressed and underprivileged classes. He believed that education was a moral weapon in all social movements and that the more educated we were, the more opportunities we had for progress. Ambedkar recognized the importance of education in his struggle to free Dalits from Indian religious slavery. He hoped that the upgrade of the marginalized group of the country should be the work of the educated citizens of the country.

Political Role of Dr. Ambedkar 

Dr. Ambedkar used political tools to protect the interests of the Dalits. In the first Round Table Conference in London in November 1930 he demanded Separate Electoral for Dalits but Mahatma Gandhi in the Second Round Table Conference opposed the proposal. He even resists the proposal on the cost of his life, declaring his resolution of “last-unto-death”. After that, the conflict between them was resolved by the “Poona-Pact”.  The Poona-Pact was an agreement between Mahatma Gandhi and Dr. B.R. Ambedkar(on behalf of the lower classes). The agreement gave reserved seats for the depressed classes in the Provisional Legislatures within the general electorate. Due to this agreement depressed class gained 148 seats in the Legislature.

Dr. Ambedkar worked to build the Indian Economy in a better way

  • Role of Industrialization:  Dr. Ambedkar believed that industrialization is responsible for the better development of the country. According to him, industrialization creates large-scale jobs, which, along with capital goods, create consumer goods that are essential for mass consumption, save foreign exchange, make rational use of raw materials, and comprehensively develop the country.
  • His Views on Tax Policies of India: Ambedkar expressed his views on taxation at the 1936 Swatantra Mazdoor Party Manifesto. He objected because the land income system, that system, and other taxes are primarily burdened in poorer areas of society. He explained that the principle of taxation should be based on the ability of the payer, not income.
  • His Views on Indian Agriculture System: Ambedkar placed particular emphasis on the fundamental solutions of rural nationalism and collective farming. He believed that neither ownership nor land consolidation could improve agricultural productivity. These measures alone did not help solve the persistent problems of small landholders and landless workers. He proposed the nationalization of the entire agricultural area, with the aim of collective farming to solve all the evils in India’s agricultural system.

Dr. Ambedkar worked to empower Women

He has a strong belief in equality, and a strong support for women’s rights, and has enabled women to be educated, has the right to vote, gets married, and become independent. He understood the importance of maternity benefits in mainstream India in the 1920s and fought hard for them. He promoted social equality and fraternity. He fought vigorously for women’s rights and made tireless efforts to achieve them all. 

  • Gender Equality: He recognized gender inequality in Indian society and raised his voice to include them in modern society. Dr. Ambedkar has given women the same status as men by enacting many provisions in the Indian Constitution to enhance and empower women.   
  • Women’s Education: For him, the lack of education for women was the biggest problem in Indian society. He blamed Brahmanism for the misery of Indian women. After independence, women were freed from traditional customs. Higher education was implemented when the Constitution stipulated the right to education. Article 45 of the Constitution of India describes compulsory education for children.         
  • Hindu Code Bill: Dr. Ambedkar’s deep concern about the status of women in society was clearly reflected in the Hindu Code Bill. It shows a chapter on gender equality and justice, along with an escape from ancient orthodox law. The bill was intended to give women absolute rights to all property.
  • Maternity Bill: His discussion of maternity benefits and birth criticality was highly relevant to recognizing the dignity of women. He enthusiastically supported the maternity method.                                                                                               

Frequently Asked Questions

What was the contribution of Ambedkar in Indian society?

Most important contribution of Ambedkar in Indian society was drafting of the Indian Constitution, which enshrined principles of equality, liberty, fraternity and outlawed caste-based discrimination.

What is the contribution of Ambedkar in human rights?

The contribution of Ambedkar for human rights was that he was crusader for human rights of Dalits in case of India and protect them from public humiliation and discrimination.

When was Dr. Ambedkar given Bharat Ratan?

Dr. Ambedkar was awarded with the highest civilian award of the Republic India on March 31, 1990 by the government of Vishwanath Pratap Singh.

What was the Mahad Satyagraha of 1927?

Mahad Satyagraha was the very important task performed by Dr. Ambedkar and followed by thousands of lower caste people. This movement was one of the remarkable movements led by B.R. Ambedkar. He led Dalits to the Chavdar lake in Mahad. There Ambedkar drank water from the lake and all the other untouchables did the same task. This Satyagraha was launched to assert their equal rights to use water resources. 

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