Stack removeAll() method in Java with Example

The Java.util.Stack.removeAll(Collection col) method is used to remove all the elements from the Stack, present in the collection specified.

Syntax:

Stack.removeAll(Collection col)

Parameters: This method accepts a mandatory parameter col which is the collection whose elements are to be removed from the Stack.

Return Value: This method returns true if the Stack is altered due to the operation at all, else False.

Exception: The method throws NullPointerException if the specified collection is null.

Below programs illustrate the Java.util.Stack.removeAll(Collection col) method:

Program 1:

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// Java code to illustrate removeAll()
import java.util.*;
  
public class StackDemo {
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
  
        // Creating an empty Stack
        Stack<String> stack = new Stack<String>();
  
        // Use add() method to add elements in the Stack
        stack.add("Geeks");
        stack.add("for");
        stack.add("Geeks");
        stack.add("10");
        stack.add("20");
  
        // Output the Stack
        System.out.println("Stack: " + stack);
  
        // Creating an empty Stack
        Stack<String> colstack = new Stack<String>();
  
        // Use add() method to add elements in the Stack
        colstack.add("Geeks");
        colstack.add("for");
        colstack.add("Geeks");
  
        // Remove the head using remove()
        boolean changed = stack.removeAll(colstack);
  
        // Print the result
        if (changed)
            System.out.println("Collection removed");
        else
            System.out.println("Collection not removed");
  
        // Print the final Stack
        System.out.println("Final Stack: " + stack);
    }
}

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Output:

Stack: [Geeks, for, Geeks, 10, 20]
Collection removed
Final Stack: [10, 20]

Program 2:

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// Java code to illustrate removeAll()
import java.util.*;
  
public class StackDemo {
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
  
        // Creating an empty Stack
        Stack<Integer> stack = new Stack<Integer>();
  
        // Use add() method to add elements in the Stack
        stack.add(1);
        stack.add(2);
        stack.add(3);
        stack.add(10);
        stack.add(20);
  
        // Output the Stack
        System.out.println("Stack: " + stack);
  
        // Creating an empty Stack
        Stack<Integer> colstack = new Stack<Integer>();
  
        // Use add() method to add elements in the Stack
        colstack.add(30);
        colstack.add(40);
        colstack.add(50);
  
        // Remove the head using remove()
        boolean changed = stack.removeAll(colstack);
  
        // Print the result
        if (changed)
            System.out.println("Collection removed");
        else
            System.out.println("Collection not removed");
  
        // Print the final Stack
        System.out.println("Final Stack: " + stack);
    }
}

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Output:

Stack: [1, 2, 3, 10, 20]
Collection not removed
Final Stack: [1, 2, 3, 10, 20]


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