JavaScript | date.getSeconds() method

The date.getSeconds() is an inbuilt function in JavaScript which is used to fetch the seconds from given Date object.

Syntax:

DateObj.getSeconds()

In the above syntax, DateObj is a valid Date object created using Date() conctructor from which we want to fetch seconds.



Parameter: This function does not takes any parameter. It is just used along with a Date Object from which we want to fetch seconds.

Return Values: It returns the second for the given date object. Seconds is an integer value ranging from 0 to 59.

Below program illustrate the getSeconds() method:
Example 1:

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    <script>
      // Here a date has been assigned 
      // while creating Date object
      var DateObj = new Date('October 15, 1996 05:35:32');
      
      // second from above Date object is being 
      // extracted using getSeconds()
      var sec = DateObj.getSeconds();
      
      // Printing second
      document.write(sec);
    </script>

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    Output:

    32

Errors and Exceptions:

  • Example 1: Here date of the month should must lie in between 1 to 31 because none of the month have date greater than 31 that is why it returns NaN i.e, not a number because if date for the month does not exist.
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    <script>
      // Here a date has been assigned 
      // while creating Date object
      var DateObj = new Date('October 33, 1996 05:35:32');
      
      // second from above Date object is being 
      // extracted using getSeconds()
      var sec = DateObj.getSeconds();
      
      // Printing second
      document.write(sec);
    </script>

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    Output:

    NaN
  • Example 2: If second is not given, it returns zero (0).
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    <script>
      // Here a date has been assigned 
      // while creating Date object
      var DateObj = new Date('October 13, 1996 05:35');
      
      // second from above Date object is being 
      // extracted using getSeconds()
      var sec = DateObj.getSeconds();
      
      // Printing second
      document.write(sec);
    </script>

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    Output:

    0
  • Example 3: If nothing as parameter is given to the Date() constructor, it returns current second.
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    <script>
      // Creating a Date Object
      var DateObj = new Date();
      
      // second from above Date object is being 
      // extracted using getSeconds()
      var sec = DateObj.getSeconds();
      
      // Printing second
      document.write(sec);
    </script>

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    Output:

    8
  • Example 4: If second is 88, it return 0 as exception because seconds range is in between 0 to 59 and 88 is out of this range.
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    <script>
      // Here a date has been assigned 
      // while creating Date object
      var DateObj = new Date('October 13, 1996 05:35:88');
      
      // second from above Date object is being 
      // extracted using getSeconds()
      var sec = DateObj.getSeconds();
      
      // Printing second
      document.write(sec);
    </script>

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    Output:

    0

Application: It has many applications such as getting current Second. Below program shows one of the applications of this function. It gives the current Second.

  • Example 1:
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    <script>
      // Creating Date Object
      var DateObj = new Date();
      
      // second from above Date Obect is
      // being extracted using getSeconds()
      var sec = DateObj.getSeconds();
      
      // Printing second
      document.write(sec);
    </script>

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    Output:

    8

Supported Browsers: The browsers supported by JavaScript date.getSeconds() method are listed below:

  • Google Chrome
  • Internet Explorer
  • Firefox
  • Opera
  • Safari


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