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JavaScript Array reduce() Method

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The Javascript arr.reduce() method in JavaScript is used to reduce the array to a single value and executes a provided function for each value of the array (from left to right) and the return value of the function is stored in an accumulator. 

Syntax: 

array.reduce( function(total, currentValue, currentIndex, arr), 
initialValue )

Parameters:

This method accepts five parameters as mentioned above and described below:

  • function(total, currentValue, index, arr): It is the required parameter and is used to run for each element of the array. It contains four parameters which are listed below:
    • total: It is a required parameter and is used to specify the initial value or the previously returned value of the function.
    • currentValue: It is a required parameter and is used to specify the value of the current element.
    • currentIndex: It is an optional parameter and is used to specify the array index of the current element.
    • arr: It is an optional parameter and is used to specify the array object the current element belongs to.
  • initialValue: It is an optional parameter and is used to specify the value to be passed to the function as the initial value.

Return value:

The JavaScript array reduce method returns a single value/element after traversing the complete array.

Below are examples of the Array reduce() method.

Example 1: In this example, we will write a reduce function to simply print the difference of the elements of the array.

Javascript

// Input array
let arr = [175, 50, 25];
 
// Callback function for reduce method
function subofArray(total, num) {
    return total - num;
}
 
//Fucntion to execute reduce method
function myGeeks(item) {
    // Display output
    console.log(arr.reduce(subofArray));
}
myGeeks()

                    

Output
100

Example 2: This example uses reduce() method to return the sum of all array elements. 

Javascript

// Input array
let arr = [10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60];
// Callback function for reduce method
function sumofArray(sum, num) {
    return sum + num;
}
//Fucntion to execute reduce method
function myGeeks(item) {
    // Display output
    console.log(arr.reduce(sumofArray));
}
myGeeks();

                    

Output
210

 Example 3: This example uses reduce() method to return the round sum of all array elements. 

Javascript

// Input array
let arr = [1.5, 20.3, 11.1, 40.7];
 
// Callback function for reduce method
function sumofArray(sum, num) {
    return sum + Math.round(num);
}
 
//Fucntion to execute reduce method
function myGeeks(item) {
    // Display output
    console.log(arr.reduce(sumofArray, 0));
}
myGeeks();

                    

Output
74

We have a complete list of Javascript Array methods, to check those please go through this Javascript Array Complete reference article.

Supported Browsers: The browsers supported by JavaScript Array reduce() method are listed below:

  • Google Chrome
  • Microsoft Edge
  • Mozilla Firefox
  • Safari
  • Opera

We have a Cheat Sheet on Javascript where we covered all the important topics of Javascript to check those please go through Javascript Cheat Sheet-A Basic guide to JavaScript.



Last Updated : 17 Jul, 2023
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