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Java Program to Swap the Elements of Vector

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  • Difficulty Level : Hard
  • Last Updated : 21 Dec, 2021
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The swap() method of java.util.Collections class is used to swap the elements at the specified positions in the specified list. If the specified positions are equal, invoking this method leaves the list unchanged.

Syntax:

public static void swap(List list, int i, int j)

Parameters: This method takes the following argument as a Parameter

  • list – The list in which to swap elements.
  • i – the index of one element to be swapped.
  • j – the index of the other element to be swapped.

Exception This method throws IndexOutOfBoundsException, if either i or j is out of range (i = list.size() || j = list.size()).

Example 1:

Java




// Java program to Swap Elements of Java Vector
  
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.Vector;
  
public class GFG {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
  
        // create vector
        Vector<String> vector = new Vector<String>();
  
        // insert elements in vector
        vector.add("A");
        vector.add("B");
        vector.add("C");
        vector.add("D");
        vector.add("E");
  
        // print original vector
        System.out.println("Before Swapping = "+vector);
  
        // call Collection.swap() method
        Collections.swap(vector, 0, 4);
  
        // print vector after swap two elements
        System.out.println("After Swapping = "+vector);
    }
}

Output

[A, B, C, D, E]
After swapping
[E, B, C, D, A]

Example 2: For IndexOutOfBoundsException

Java




// Java program to demonstrate 
// swap() method for IndexOutOfBoundsException 
    
import java.util.*; 
    
public class GFG1 { 
    public static void main(String[] argv) throws Exception 
    
        try
    
            // creating object of List<String> 
            List<String> vector = new ArrayList<String>(); 
    
            // populate the vector 
            vector.add("rohan"); 
            vector.add("manish"); 
            vector.add("simran"); 
            vector.add("ananya"); 
            vector.add("ishika"); 
    
            // printing the vector before swap 
            System.out.println("Before swap: " + vector); 
    
            // swap the elements 
            System.out.println("\nTrying to swap elements"
                               + " more than upper bound index "); 
            Collections.swap(vector, 0, 5); 
    
            // printing the vector after swap 
            System.out.println("After swap: " + vector); 
        
    
        catch (IndexOutOfBoundsException e) { 
            System.out.println("Exception thrown : " + e); 
        
    
}

Output

Before swap: [rohan, manish, simran, ananya, ishika]

Trying to swap elements more than upper bound index 
Exception thrown : java.lang.IndexOutOfBoundsException: Index 5 out of bounds for length 5

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