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Java Program to Get the TreeSet Element By Index
  • Last Updated : 28 Dec, 2020

TreeSet is one of the most important implementations of the SortedSet interface in Java that uses a Tree for storage. The ordering of the elements is maintained by a set using their natural ordering whether or not an explicit comparator is provided.

We have the element in the TreeSet and we want to print the Element from the TreeSet using the index. 

TreeSet<Integer> set = new TreeSet();
set.add(2);
set.add(3);
set.add(9);
set.add(5);

// TreeSet always used to get prevent
// from the duplicates in the increasing order
Set Contains -> [2,3,5,9] 

So, we have the Element in set -> [2, 3, 5, 9] .Now we cannot access the Element Directly So to access the Element we need to convert the set to array or list to access the element.

So there are many ways to get the element by index:

  1. Converting TreeSet to array by traversing through the whole TreeSet and adding the element to array one by one.
  2. Converting TreeSet to array using .toArray() method.
  3. Converting TreeSet to ArrayList.

Method 1: Simply converting the TreeSet to array



  • We simply create an empty array. 
  • We traverse the given set and one by one add elements to the array

Java




// Java Program to Get the TreeSet Element By Index
  
import java.io.*;
import java.util.*;
class GFG {
    
    public static void main (String[] args) {
        
        TreeSet<Integer> s = new TreeSet<Integer>(); 
        s.add(2);
          s.add(3);
          s.add(9);
          s.add(5);
            
        int n = s.size(); 
        int arr[] = new int[n]; 
    
        int i = 0
        
        // using for-each loop to traverse through 
        // the set and adding each element to array
        for (int ele : s) 
            arr[i++] = ele; 
    
        for(int res : arr)
        {
            System.out.print(res+ " ");
        }
        
      System.out.println();
        
      // getting the element at index 2
      System.out.print(arr[2]);
    }
}
Output
2 3 5 9 
5

Method 2: Using .toArray() Method

  • First converting the set to array using .toArray() method.
  • And accessing the Element from the Array by index.

Java




// Java Program to Get the TreeSet Element By Index
  
import java.io.*;
import java.util.*;
class GFG {
    public static void main (String[] args) {
        
        TreeSet<Integer> s = new TreeSet<Integer>(); 
        s.add(2);
          s.add(3);
          s.add(9);
          s.add(5);
            
        int n = s.size(); 
        Integer arr[] = new Integer[n]; 
    
        // .toArray() method converts the
        // set s to array here
        arr = s.toArray(arr); 
    
        for(int ele : arr)
        {
            System.out.print(ele+" ");
        }
        
          System.out.println();
        
        // getting the element at index 2
          System.out.print(arr[2]);
  
    }
}
Output
2 3 5 9 
5

Method 3: Converting to ArrayList

  • First Converting the set to list by directly using the constructor.
  • And then getting the Element from the List through index

Java




// Java Program to Get the TreeSet Element By Index
  
import java.io.*;
import java.util.*;
class GFG {
    public static void main (String[] args) {
        
        TreeSet<Integer> s = new TreeSet<Integer>(); 
        s.add(2);
          s.add(3);
          s.add(9);
          s.add(5);
            
        int n = s.size(); 
        
        // this constructor converts directly 
        // the whole TreeSet to list
        List<Integer> list= new ArrayList<Integer>(s);
    
        for(int ele : list){
            System.out.print(ele+" ");
        }
        
          System.out.println();
        
        // getting the element at index 2
          System.out.print(list.get(2));
  
    }
}
Output
2 3 5 9 
5

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