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ISRO | ISRO CS 2016 | Question 49

  • Last Updated : 27 Mar, 2018

Consider the join of a relation R , with a relation S . If R has m number of tuples and S has n number of tuples then the maximum and minimum sizes of the join respectively are:
(A) m + n & 0
(B) mn & 0
(C) m + n & | m – n |
(D) mn & m + n


Answer: (B)

Explanation: Consider the folloewing examples:

Case 1: Maximum tuples- When the common attribute contain identical values

Relation R               Relation S              R ⋈ S
a       b                a       d            a     b    d
1       2                1       10           1     2    10   
1       3                1       11           1     2    11
1       4                                     1     3    10
                                              1     3    11
                                              1     4    10
                                              1     4    11

Case 2 : Minimum Tuples- When Both the relations have a common attribute but no tuple in both relations match.

Relation R               Relation S              R ⋈ S
a       b                a       d            a     b    d
1       2                2       10             No tuple  
1       3                3       11           
1       4  

So, option (B) is correct.

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