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GATE | GATE CS 2008 | Question 85

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The following system of equations 
 

6

has a unique solution. The only possible value(s) for α is/are
 

(A)

either 0 or 1
 

(B)

one of 0, 1 or -1 
 

(C)

any real number 
 

(D)

0
 

(E)

any real number other than 5
 



Answer: (E)

Explanation:

The choice E was not there in GATE paper. We have added it as the given 4 choices don\’t seem correct. 

Augment the given matrix as
1 1 2 | 1
1 2 3 | 2
1 4 a | 4
Apply R2 <- R2 - R1 and R3 <- R3 - R1
1 1 2 | 1
0 1 1 | 1
0 3 a-2 | 3
Apply R3 <- R3 - 3R2
1 1 2 | 1
0 1 1 | 1
0 0 a-5 | 0
So for the system of equations to have a unique solution,
a - 5 != 0
or
a != 5
or
a = R - {5} 


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Last Updated : 28 Jun, 2021
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