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Explain the important features of National Water Policy, 2002

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  • Last Updated : 03 Jul, 2022
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The need for a national water policy is an important issue that has been neglected by the government for a long time. The water crisis in India is a matter of grave concern. There are many reasons to have a national water policy and it is not just because of the alarming situation with the water shortage in India. The first reason is that there are no clear guidelines on how to deal with the crisis and secondly, there is no clear understanding of who owns or controls the country’s water resources.

We should not wait until we face an emergency situation before we decide what our approach should be towards this problem or whether we need to develop any kind of plan for managing our natural resources better. There is no national water policy, and the consequences are becoming more and more evident.

Eg:The lack of a national water policy in the United States has a huge impact on the environment and on public health.

It is also an economic concern because it affects how we use our natural resources. A national water policy is the demand of the hour. The need for a national water policy is very much needed to tackle the problems faced by India in terms of availability of safe drinking water and sanitation.

The problem with India is that there are many different policies being followed by different states, which makes it difficult to come up with a one-size-fits-all solution to these problems. A national water policy will help put an end to this problem and provide solutions that are relevant for all states in India. A national water policy will also help in identifying ways in which we can reduce wastage of resources, like energy and potable water, as well as improving waste management practices.

The Important features of National water policy ,2002 are:

  • Water is an excellent normal asset, a fundamental human need and a valuable public resource. An advanced data framework for water related information at public/state level ought to be laid out with a net-work of information banks and information bases incorporating and reinforcing the current focal and state level organizations.
  • Water assets accessible to the nation ought to be brought inside the classification of utilizable assets to the greatest conceivable degree.
  • Non-regular techniques for use of water, for example, through between bowl moves, counterfeit re-energize of ground water and desalination of bitter or ocean water as well as conventional water protection rehearses like water gathering, including rooftop top water collecting, should be polished to additional increment the utilizable water assets. Advancement of outskirts innovative work, in an engaged way, for these methods is fundamental.
  • Water assets improvement and the board should be anticipated a hydrological unit. Proper stream bowl associations ought to be laid out for the arranged turn of events and the executives of the waterway bowls.
  • Water ought to be made accessible to water short regions by move from different regions including move starting with one stream bowl then onto the next, in the wake of considering the necessities of the areas/bowls.
  • Arranging of water assets improvement activities ought to, quite far, be for multi-reason with an incorporated and multi-disciplinary methodology having respect to human and biological perspectives including those of distraught segments of the general public.
  • In the designation of water, main goal ought to be given for drinking water, trailed by water system, hydro-power, nature, agro-enterprises and non-farming ventures, route and different purposes, in a specific order.
  • The abuse of groundwater ought to be managed concerning re-energize conceivable outcomes and thought of social value. The unfavorable ecological outcomes of over-double-dealing of ground water should be really forestalled.
  • Sufficient accentuation should be given to the physical and monetary manageability of existing water assets offices. There is need to guarantee that the water charges for different purposes ought to be fixed, for example, to cover basically the activity and support charges at first and a piece of the capital expenses hence.
  • The board of the water assets for different purposes ought to consolidate a participatory methodology by including clients and different partners along with different legislative organizations, in a successful and definitive way.
  • Confidential area support ought to be empowered in arranging, advancement and the board of water assets projects for different purposes, any place achievable.
  • Both surface water and ground water ought to be routinely checked for quality. Effluents ought to be blessed to receive adequate levels and guidelines prior to releasing them into normal streams. Least stream ought to be guaranteed in the perpetual streams for keeping up with nature.
  • Effectiveness of use ought to be worked on in every one of the assorted purposes of water and preservation cognizance advanced through training, guideline, motivations and disincentives.
  • Land disintegration via ocean or waterway ought to be limited by reasonable financially savvy measures. Aimless control of, and financial action in waterfront regions and flood plain zones ought to be directed.
  • Necessities of dry season inclined regions ought to be given need in the preparation of undertaking for improvement of water assets. These regions ought to be made less weak through different measures.
  • The water sharing/circulation among the states ought to be directed by a public point of view with due respect to water assets accessibility and necessities inside the stream bowl.
  • Preparing and research endeavors ought to be increased as a fundamental piece of water assets improvement.

Sample Questions 

Question 1: What is the National Water Policy 2002?


The National Water Policy 2002 is a policy that was created to regulate water usage in India. It was first drafted in 2001 by the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation and the Ministry of Environment and Forests. The policy includes guidelines for water conservation, management of surface water, groundwater and wastewater treatment. The policy also aims to increase awareness about water conservation among citizens by education and training programs.

Question 2: What are some of the key components of the National Water Policy?


The National Water Policy is a policy that was put in place to ensure that all water resources are used efficiently and sustainably. The policy is made up of three different components:

  • Water Infrastructure: This component includes water storage, treatment, distribution, and wastewater treatment. It also includes the management of dams and other water infrastructure.
  • Water Rights: This component includes the allocation of water rights in a way that will ensure sustainable use of the resource while still preserving environmental values.
  • Water Pricing: This component addresses how to price water so that it reflects its value and incentivizes efficient use.

Question 3: What is the fundamental plan of the National Water Policy?


The fundamental point or plan of the National Water Policy is that to recuperate the income rates to sufficient the yearly activity and upkeep charges and a piece of the decent capital. Along these lines, we can likewise pass the shortage worth of normal assets on to the buyers.

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