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Delete odd and even numbers at alternate step such that sum of remaining elements is minimized
• Difficulty Level : Medium
• Last Updated : 30 Sep, 2020

Given an array arr[] of N elements. At any step, we can delete a number of a different parity from the just previous step, i.e., if, at the previous step, an odd number was deleted then delete an even number in the current step or vice versa.
It is allowed to start by deleting any number. Deletion is possible till we can delete numbers of different parity at every step. The task is to find the minimum possible sum of the elements left at the end.

Examples:

Input: arr[] = {1, 5, 7, 8, 2}
Output:
Delete elements in the order 1, 2, 5, 8 and finally 7.
There are multiple ways of deletion,
resulting in the same minimized sum.

Input: arr[] = {2, 2, 2, 2}
Output:
Delete 2 in first step.
Cannot delete any number, since there are no odd numbers left.
Hence, the leftover elements sum is 6.

Approach: The following ways can be followed to solve the above problem:

• Count the number of odd and even elements and store in vectors v1 and v2.
• Check if the number of odd and even elements are the same or differ by 1, then we can perform N steps, resulting in leftover sum as 0.
• If the size differs by more than 1, then only there will be leftover elements.
• In order to minimize the leftover sum of elements, we select the larger elements first.
• Hence, the sum of the X smaller elements will be the answer, where X is v2.size() – v1.size() – 1 or v1.size() – v2.size() – 1 depending on the count of even and odd elements.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

## C++

 `// C++ implementation of the approach``#include ``using` `namespace` `std;` `// Function to find the minimized sum``int` `MinimizeleftOverSum(``int` `a[], ``int` `n)``{``    ``vector<``int``> v1, v2;``    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < n; i++) {` `        ``if` `(a[i] % 2)``            ``v1.push_back(a[i]);``        ``else``            ``v2.push_back(a[i]);``    ``}` `    ``// If more odd elements``    ``if` `(v1.size() > v2.size()) {` `        ``// Sort the elements``        ``sort(v1.begin(), v1.end());``        ``sort(v2.begin(), v2.end());` `        ``// Left-over elements``        ``int` `x = v1.size() - v2.size() - 1;` `        ``int` `sum = 0;``        ``int` `i = 0;` `        ``// Find the sum of leftover elements``        ``while` `(i < x) {``            ``sum += v1[i++];``        ``}` `        ``// Return the sum``        ``return` `sum;``    ``}` `    ``// If more even elements``    ``else` `if` `(v2.size() > v1.size()) {` `        ``// Sort the elements``        ``sort(v1.begin(), v1.end());``        ``sort(v2.begin(), v2.end());` `        ``// Left-over elements``        ``int` `x = v2.size() - v1.size() - 1;` `        ``int` `sum = 0;``        ``int` `i = 0;` `        ``// Find the sum of leftover elements``        ``while` `(i < x) {``            ``sum += v2[i++];``        ``}` `        ``// Return the sum``        ``return` `sum;``    ``}` `    ``// If same elements``    ``else``        ``return` `0;``}` `// Driver code``int` `main()``{` `    ``int` `a[] = { 2, 2, 2, 2 };``    ``int` `n = ``sizeof``(a) / ``sizeof``(a[0]);``    ``cout << MinimizeleftOverSum(a, n);` `    ``return` `0;``}`

## Java

 `// Java implementation of the approach``import` `java.util.*;` `class` `GFG``{` `// Function to find the minimized sum``static` `int` `MinimizeleftOverSum(``int` `a[], ``int` `n)``{``    ``Vector v1 = ``new` `Vector(),``                    ``v2 = ``new` `Vector();``    ``for` `(``int` `i = ``0``; i < n; i++)``    ``{` `        ``if` `(a[i] % ``2` `== ``1``)``            ``v1.add(a[i]);``        ``else``            ``v2.add(a[i]);``    ``}` `    ``// If more odd elements``    ``if` `(v1.size() > v2.size())``    ``{` `        ``// Sort the elements``        ``Collections.sort(v1);``        ``Collections.sort(v2);` `        ``// Left-over elements``        ``int` `x = v1.size() - v2.size() - ``1``;` `        ``int` `sum = ``0``;``        ``int` `i = ``0``;` `        ``// Find the sum of leftover elements``        ``while` `(i < x)``        ``{``            ``sum += v1.get(i++);``        ``}` `        ``// Return the sum``        ``return` `sum;``    ``}` `    ``// If more even elements``    ``else` `if` `(v2.size() > v1.size())``    ``{` `        ``// Sort the elements``        ``Collections.sort(v1);``        ``Collections.sort(v2);` `        ``// Left-over elements``        ``int` `x = v2.size() - v1.size() - ``1``;` `        ``int` `sum = ``0``;``        ``int` `i = ``0``;` `        ``// Find the sum of leftover elements``        ``while` `(i < x)``        ``{``            ``sum += v2.get(i++);``        ``}` `        ``// Return the sum``        ``return` `sum;``    ``}` `    ``// If same elements``    ``else``        ``return` `0``;``}` `// Driver code``public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args)``{``    ``int` `a[] = { ``2``, ``2``, ``2``, ``2` `};``    ``int` `n = a.length;``    ``System.out.println(MinimizeleftOverSum(a, n));``}``}` `// This code is contributed by Princi Singh`

## Python3

 `# Python3 implementation of the approach` `# Function to find the minimized sum``def` `MinimizeleftOverSum(a, n) :``    ` `    ``v1, v2 ``=` `[], [];``    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(n) :``        ` `        ``if` `(a[i] ``%` `2``) :``            ``v1.append(a[i]);``        ``else` `:``            ``v2.append(a[i]);``    ` `    ``# If more odd elements``    ``if` `(``len``(v1) > ``len``(v2)) :` `        ``# Sort the elements``        ``v1.sort();``        ``v2.sort();` `        ``# Left-over elements``        ``x ``=` `len``(v1) ``-` `len``(v2) ``-` `1``;` `        ``sum` `=` `0``;``        ``i ``=` `0``;` `        ``# Find the sum of leftover elements``        ``while` `(i < x) :``            ``sum` `+``=` `v1[i];``            ``i ``+``=` `1` `        ``# Return the sum``        ``return` `sum``;``    ` `    ``# If more even elements``    ``elif` `(``len``(v2) > ``len``(v1)) :` `        ``# Sort the elements``        ``v1.sort();``        ``v2.sort();` `        ``# Left-over elements``        ``x ``=` `len``(v2) ``-` `len``(v1) ``-` `1``;` `        ``sum` `=` `0``;``        ``i ``=` `0``;` `        ``# Find the sum of leftover elements``        ``while` `(i < x) :``            ``sum` `+``=` `v2[i];``            ``i ``+``=` `1``        ` `        ``# Return the sum``        ``return` `sum``;``    ` `    ``# If same elements``    ``else` `:``        ``return` `0``;` `# Driver code``if` `__name__ ``=``=` `"__main__"` `:` `    ``a ``=` `[ ``2``, ``2``, ``2``, ``2` `];``    ``n ``=` `len``(a);``    ` `    ``print``(MinimizeleftOverSum(a, n));` `# This code is contributed by Ryuga`

## C#

 `// C# implementation of the approach``using` `System;``using` `System.Collections.Generic;` `class` `GFG``{` `// Function to find the minimized sum``static` `int` `MinimizeleftOverSum(``int` `[]a,``                               ``int` `n)``{``    ``List<``int``> v1 = ``new` `List<``int``>(),``              ``v2 = ``new` `List<``int``>();``    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < n; i++)``    ``{` `        ``if` `(a[i] % 2 == 1)``            ``v1.Add(a[i]);``        ``else``            ``v2.Add(a[i]);``    ``}` `    ``// If more odd elements``    ``if` `(v1.Count > v2.Count)``    ``{` `        ``// Sort the elements``        ``v1.Sort();``        ``v2.Sort();` `        ``// Left-over elements``        ``int` `x = v1.Count - v2.Count - 1;` `        ``int` `sum = 0;``        ``int` `i = 0;` `        ``// Find the sum of leftover elements``        ``while` `(i < x)``        ``{``            ``sum += v1[i++];``        ``}` `        ``// Return the sum``        ``return` `sum;``    ``}` `    ``// If more even elements``    ``else` `if` `(v2.Count > v1.Count)``    ``{` `        ``// Sort the elements``        ``v1.Sort();``        ``v2.Sort();` `        ``// Left-over elements``        ``int` `x = v2.Count - v1.Count - 1;` `        ``int` `sum = 0;``        ``int` `i = 0;` `        ``// Find the sum of leftover elements``        ``while` `(i < x)``        ``{``            ``sum += v2[i++];``        ``}` `        ``// Return the sum``        ``return` `sum;``    ``}` `    ``// If same elements``    ``else``        ``return` `0;``}` `// Driver code``public` `static` `void` `Main(String[] args)``{``    ``int` `[]a = { 2, 2, 2, 2 };``    ``int` `n = a.Length;``    ``Console.WriteLine(MinimizeleftOverSum(a, n));``}``}` `// This code is contributed by PrinciRaj1992`
Output:
```6

```

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