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Check if the given string is shuffled substring of another string

  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 07 Jul, 2021

Given strings str1 and str2. The task is to find if str1 is a substring in the shuffled form of str2 or not. Print “YES” if str1 is a substring in shuffled form of str2 else print “NO”. 

Example 

Input: str1 = “onetwofour”, str2 = “hellofourtwooneworld” 
Output: YES 
Explanation: str1 is substring in shuffled form of str2 as 
str2 = “hello” + “fourtwoone” + “world” 
str2 = “hello” + str1 + “world”, where str1 = “fourtwoone” (shuffled form) 
Hence, str1 is a substring of str2 in shuffled form.

Input: str1 = “roseyellow”, str2 = “yellow” 
Output: NO 
Explanation: As the length of str1 is greater than str2. Hence, str1 is not a substring of str2.

Approach: 
Let n = length of str1, m = length of str2. 



  • If n > m, then string str1 can never be the substring of str2.
  • Else sort the string str1.
  • Traverse string str2 
    1. Put all the characters of str2 of length n in another string str.
    2. Sort the string str and Compare str and str1.
    3. If str = str1, then string str1 is a shuffled substring of string str2.
    4. else repeat the above process till ith index of str2 such that (i – n + 1 > m)(as after this index the length of remaining string str2 will be less than str1.
    5. If str is not equals to str1 in above steps, then string str1 can never be substring of str2.

Below is the implementation of the above approach: 

C++




// C++ program to check if string
// str1 is substring of str2 or not.
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function two check string A
// is shuffled  substring of B
// or not
bool isShuffledSubstring(string A, string B)
{
    int n = A.length();
    int m = B.length();
 
    // Return false if length of
    // string A is greater than
    // length of string B
    if (n > m) {
        return false;
    }
    else {
 
        // Sort string A
        sort(A.begin(), A.end());
 
        // Traverse string B
        for (int i = 0; i < m; i++) {
 
            // Return false if (i+n-1 >= m)
            // doesn't satisfy
            if (i + n - 1 >= m)
                return false;
 
            // Initialise the new string
            string str = "";
 
            // Copy the characters of
            // string B in str till
            // length n
            for (int j = 0; j < n; j++)
                str.push_back(B[i + j]);
 
            // Sort the string str
            sort(str.begin(), str.end());
 
            // Return true if sorted
            // string of "str" & sorted
            // string of "A" are equal
            if (str == A)
                return true;
        }
    }
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    // Input str1 and str2
    string str1 = "geekforgeeks";
    string str2 = "ekegorfkeegsgeek";
 
    // Function return true if
    // str1 is shuffled substring
    // of str2
    bool a = isShuffledSubstring(str1, str2);
 
    // If str1 is substring of str2
    // print "YES" else print "NO"
    if (a)
        cout << "YES";
    else
        cout << "NO";
    cout << endl;
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program to check if String
// str1 is subString of str2 or not.
import java.util.*;
 
class GFG
{
 
// Function two check String A
// is shuffled subString of B
// or not
static boolean isShuffledSubString(String A, String B)
{
    int n = A.length();
    int m = B.length();
 
    // Return false if length of
    // String A is greater than
    // length of String B
    if (n > m)
    {
        return false;
    }
    else
    {
 
        // Sort String A
        A = sort(A);
 
        // Traverse String B
        for (int i = 0; i < m; i++)
        {
 
            // Return false if (i + n - 1 >= m)
            // doesn't satisfy
            if (i + n - 1 >= m)
                return false;
 
            // Initialise the new String
            String str = "";
 
            // Copy the characters of
            // String B in str till
            // length n
            for (int j = 0; j < n; j++)
                str += B.charAt(i + j);
 
            // Sort the String str
            str = sort(str);
 
            // Return true if sorted
            // String of "str" & sorted
            // String of "A" are equal
            if (str.equals(A))
                return true;
        }
    }
    return false;
}
 
// Method to sort a string alphabetically
static String sort(String inputString)
{
    // convert input string to char array
    char tempArray[] = inputString.toCharArray();
     
    // sort tempArray
    Arrays.sort(tempArray);
     
    // return new sorted string
    return String.valueOf(tempArray);
}
 
// Driver Code
public static void main(String[] args)
{
    // Input str1 and str2
    String str1 = "geekforgeeks";
    String str2 = "ekegorfkeegsgeek";
 
    // Function return true if
    // str1 is shuffled subString
    // of str2
    boolean a = isShuffledSubString(str1, str2);
 
    // If str1 is subString of str2
    // print "YES" else print "NO"
    if (a)
        System.out.print("YES");
    else
        System.out.print("NO");
    System.out.println();
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by PrinciRaj1992

Python3




# Python3 program to check if string
# str1 is subof str2 or not.
 
# Function two check A
# is shuffled subof B
# or not
def isShuffledSubstring(A, B):
    n = len(A)
    m = len(B)
 
    # Return false if length of
    # A is greater than
    # length of B
    if (n > m):
        return False
    else:
 
        # Sort A
        A = sorted(A)
 
        # Traverse B
        for i in range(m):
 
            # Return false if (i+n-1 >= m)
            # doesn't satisfy
            if (i + n - 1 >= m):
                return False
 
            # Initialise the new string
            Str = ""
 
            # Copy the characters of
            # B in str till
            # length n
            for j in range(n):
                Str += (B[i + j])
 
            # Sort the str
            Str = sorted(Str)
 
            # Return true if sorted
            # of "str" & sorted
            # of "A" are equal
            if (Str == A):
                return True
 
# Driver Code
if __name__ == '__main__':
     
    # Input str1 and str2
    Str1 = "geekforgeeks"
    Str2 = "ekegorfkeegsgeek"
 
    # Function return true if
    # str1 is shuffled substring
    # of str2
    a = isShuffledSubstring(Str1, Str2)
 
    # If str1 is subof str2
    # print "YES" else print "NO"
    if (a):
        print("YES")
    else:
        print("NO")
 
# This code is contributed by mohit kumar 29

C#




// C# program to check if String
// str1 is subString of str2 or not.
using System;
 
public class GFG
{
  
// Function two check String A
// is shuffled subString of B
// or not
static bool isShuffledSubString(String A, String B)
{
    int n = A.Length;
    int m = B.Length;
  
    // Return false if length of
    // String A is greater than
    // length of String B
    if (n > m)
    {
        return false;
    }
    else
    {
  
        // Sort String A
        A = sort(A);
  
        // Traverse String B
        for (int i = 0; i < m; i++)
        {
  
            // Return false if (i + n - 1 >= m)
            // doesn't satisfy
            if (i + n - 1 >= m)
                return false;
  
            // Initialise the new String
            String str = "";
  
            // Copy the characters of
            // String B in str till
            // length n
            for (int j = 0; j < n; j++)
                str += B[i + j];
  
            // Sort the String str
            str = sort(str);
  
            // Return true if sorted
            // String of "str" & sorted
            // String of "A" are equal
            if (str.Equals(A))
                return true;
        }
    }
    return false;
}
  
// Method to sort a string alphabetically
static String sort(String inputString)
{
    // convert input string to char array
    char []tempArray = inputString.ToCharArray();
      
    // sort tempArray
    Array.Sort(tempArray);
      
    // return new sorted string
    return String.Join("",tempArray);
}
  
// Driver Code
public static void Main(String[] args)
{
    // Input str1 and str2
    String str1 = "geekforgeeks";
    String str2 = "ekegorfkeegsgeek";
  
    // Function return true if
    // str1 is shuffled subString
    // of str2
    bool a = isShuffledSubString(str1, str2);
  
    // If str1 is subString of str2
    // print "YES" else print "NO"
    if (a)
        Console.Write("YES");
    else
        Console.Write("NO");
    Console.WriteLine();
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by PrinciRaj1992

Javascript




<script>
  
// Javascript program to check if string
// str1 is substring of str2 or not.
 
// Function two check string A
// is shuffled  substring of B
// or not
function isShuffledSubstring(A, B)
{
    var n = A.length;
    var m = B.length;
 
    // Return false if length of
    // string A is greater than
    // length of string B
    if (n > m) {
        return false;
    }
    else {
 
        // Sort string A
        A = A.split('').sort().join('');
 
        // Traverse string B
        for (var i = 0; i < m; i++) {
 
            // Return false if (i+n-1 >= m)
            // doesn't satisfy
            if (i + n - 1 >= m)
                return false;
 
            // Initialise the new string
            var str = [];
 
            // Copy the characters of
            // string B in str till
            // length n
            for (var j = 0; j < n; j++)
                str.push(B[i + j]);
 
            // Sort the string str
            str = str.sort()
 
            // Return true if sorted
            // string of "str" & sorted
            // string of "A" are equal
            if (str.join('') == A)
                return true;
        }
    }
}
 
// Driver Code
// Input str1 and str2
var str1 = "geekforgeeks";
var str2 = "ekegorfkeegsgeek";
// Function return true if
// str1 is shuffled substring
// of str2
var a = isShuffledSubstring(str1, str2);
// If str1 is substring of str2
// print "YES" else print "NO"
if (a)
    document.write( "YES");
else
    document.write( "NO");
document.write("<br>");
 
</script>
Output: 
YES

 

Time Complexity: O(m*n*log(n)), where n = length of string str1 and m = length of string str2 
Auxiliary Space: O(n) 

Efficient Solution: This problem is a simpler version of Anagram Search. It can be solved in linear time using character frequency counting.
We can achieve O(n) time complexity under the assumption that alphabet size is fixed which is typically true as we have maximum of 256 possible characters in ASCII. The idea is to use two count arrays:

1) The first count array stores frequencies of characters in a pattern. 
2) The second count array stores frequencies of characters in the current window of text.
The important thing to note is, time complexity to compare two counted arrays is O(1) as the number of elements in them is fixed (independent of pattern and text sizes). The following are steps of this algorithm. 
1) Store counts of frequencies of pattern in first count array countP[]. Also, store counts of frequencies of characters in the first window of text in array countTW[].
2) Now run a loop from i = M to N-1. Do following in loop. 
…..a) If the two count arrays are identical, we found an occurrence. 
…..b) Increment count of current character of text in countTW[] 
…..c) Decrement count of the first character in the previous window in countWT[]
3) The last window is not checked by the above loop, so explicitly check it.

The following is the implementation of the above algorithm.

C++




#include<iostream>
#include<cstring>
#define MAX 256
using namespace std;
 
// This function returns true if contents of arr1[] and arr2[]
// are same, otherwise false.
bool compare(char arr1[], char arr2[])
{
    for (int i=0; i<MAX; i++)
        if (arr1[i] != arr2[i])
            return false;
    return true;
}
 
// This function search for all permutations of pat[] in txt[]
bool search(char *pat, char *txt)
{
    int M = strlen(pat), N = strlen(txt);
 
    // countP[]: Store count of all characters of pattern
    // countTW[]: Store count of current window of text
    char countP[MAX] = {0}, countTW[MAX] = {0};
    for (int i = 0; i < M; i++)
    {
        (countP[pat[i]])++;
        (countTW[txt[i]])++;
    }
 
    // Traverse through remaining characters of pattern
    for (int i = M; i < N; i++)
    {
        // Compare counts of current window of text with
        // counts of pattern[]
        if (compare(countP, countTW))
           return true;
 
        // Add current character to current window
        (countTW[txt[i]])++;
 
        // Remove the first character of previous window
        countTW[txt[i-M]]--;
    }
 
    // Check for the last window in text
    if (compare(countP, countTW))
        return true;
        return false;
}
 
/* Driver program to test above function */
int main()
{
    char txt[] = "BACDGABCDA";
    char pat[] = "ABCD";
    if (search(pat, txt))
       cout << "Yes";
    else
       cout << "No";
    return 0;
}

Java




import java.util.*;
 
class GFG{
 
// This function returns true if
// contents of arr1[] and arr2[]
// are same, otherwise false.
static boolean compare(int []arr1, int []arr2)
{
    for(int i = 0; i < 256; i++)
        if (arr1[i] != arr2[i])
            return false;
             
    return true;
}
 
// This function search for all
// permutations of pat[] in txt[]
static boolean search(String pat, String txt)
{
    int M = pat.length();
    int N = txt.length();
     
    // countP[]: Store count of all
    // characters of pattern
    // countTW[]: Store count of
    // current window of text
    int []countP = new int [256];
    int []countTW = new int [256];
    for(int i = 0; i < 256; i++)
    {
        countP[i] = 0;
        countTW[i] = 0;
    }
         
    for(int i = 0; i < M; i++)
    {
        (countP[pat.charAt(i)])++;
        (countTW[txt.charAt(i)])++;
    }
 
    // Traverse through remaining
    // characters of pattern
    for(int i = M; i < N; i++)
    {
         
        // Compare counts of current
        // window of text with
        // counts of pattern[]
        if (compare(countP, countTW))
            return true;
 
        // Add current character to
        // current window
        (countTW[txt.charAt(i)])++;
 
        // Remove the first character
        // of previous window
        countTW[txt.charAt(i - M)]--;
    }
 
    // Check for the last window in text
    if (compare(countP, countTW))
        return true;
        return false;
}
 
// Driver code
public static void main(String[] args)
{
    String txt = "BACDGABCDA";
    String pat = "ABCD";
     
    if (search(pat, txt))
        System.out.println("Yes");
    else
        System.out.println("NO");
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by Stream_Cipher

Python3




MAX = 256
 
# This function returns true if contents
# of arr1[] and arr2[] are same,
# otherwise false.
def compare(arr1, arr2):
     
    global MAX
 
    for i in range(MAX):
        if (arr1[i] != arr2[i]):
            return False
             
    return True
 
# This function search for all permutations
# of pat[] in txt[]
def search(pat, txt):
     
    M = len(pat)
    N = len(txt)
 
    # countP[]: Store count of all characters
    #           of pattern
    # countTW[]: Store count of current window
    #            of text
    countP = [0 for i in range(MAX)]
    countTW = [0 for i in range(MAX)]
 
    for i in range(M):
        countP[ord(pat[i])] += 1
        countTW[ord(txt[i])] += 1
 
    # Traverse through remaining
    # characters of pattern
    for i in range(M, N):
         
        # Compare counts of current window
        # of text with counts of pattern[]
        if (compare(countP, countTW)):
            return True
             
        # Add current character
        # to current window
        countTW[ord(txt[i])] += 1
 
        # Remove the first character
        # of previous window
        countTW[ord(txt[i - M])] -= 1
 
    # Check for the last window in text
    if(compare(countP, countTW)):
        return True
        return False
 
# Driver code
txt = "BACDGABCDA"
pat = "ABCD"
 
if (search(pat, txt)):
    print("Yes")
else:
    print("No")
 
# This code is contributed by avanitrachhadiya2155

C#




using System.Collections.Generic;
using System;
 
class GFG{
 
// This function returns true if
// contents of arr1[] and arr2[]
// are same, otherwise false.
static bool compare(int []arr1, int []arr2)
{
    for(int i = 0; i < 256; i++)
        if (arr1[i] != arr2[i])
            return false;
             
    return true;
}
 
// This function search for all
// permutations of pat[] in txt[]
static bool search(String pat, String txt)
{
    int M = pat.Length;
    int N = txt.Length;
 
    // countP[]: Store count of all
    // characters of pattern
    // countTW[]: Store count of
    // current window of text
    int []countP = new int [256];
    int []countTW = new int [256];
     
    for(int i = 0; i < 256; i++)
    {
        countP[i] = 0;
        countTW[i] = 0;
    }
         
    for(int i = 0; i < M; i++)
    {
        (countP[pat[i]])++;
        (countTW[txt[i]])++;
    }
 
    // Traverse through remaining
    // characters of pattern
    for(int i = M; i < N; i++)
    {
         
        // Compare counts of current
        // window of text with
        // counts of pattern[]
        if (compare(countP, countTW))
            return true;
 
        // Add current character to
        // current window
        (countTW[txt[i]])++;
 
        // Remove the first character
        // of previous window
        countTW[txt[i - M]]--;
    }
 
    // Check for the last window in text
    if (compare(countP, countTW))
        return true;
        return false;
}
 
// Driver code
public static void Main()
{
    string txt = "BACDGABCDA";
    string pat = "ABCD";
     
    if (search(pat, txt))
        Console.WriteLine("Yes");
    else
        Console.WriteLine("NO");
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by Stream_Cipher

Javascript




<script>
 
// This function returns true if
// contents of arr1[] and arr2[]
// are same, otherwise false.
function compare(arr1,arr2)
{
    for(let i = 0; i < 256; i++)
        if (arr1[i] != arr2[i])
            return false;
              
    return true;
}
 
// This function search for all
// permutations of pat[] in txt[]
function search(pat,txt)
{
    let M = pat.length;
    let N = txt.length;
      
    // countP[]: Store count of all
    // characters of pattern
    // countTW[]: Store count of
    // current window of text
    let countP = new Array(256);
    let countTW = new Array(256);
    for(let i = 0; i < 256; i++)
    {
        countP[i] = 0;
        countTW[i] = 0;
    }
    for(let i = 0; i < 256; i++)
    {
        countP[i] = 0;
        countTW[i] = 0;
    }
          
    for(let i = 0; i < M; i++)
    {
        (countP[pat[i].charCodeAt(0)])++;
        (countTW[txt[i].charCodeAt(0)])++;
    }
  
    // Traverse through remaining
    // characters of pattern
    for(let i = M; i < N; i++)
    {
          
        // Compare counts of current
        // window of text with
        // counts of pattern[]
        if (compare(countP, countTW))
            return true;
  
        // Add current character to
        // current window
        (countTW[txt[i].charCodeAt(0)])++;
  
        // Remove the first character
        // of previous window
        countTW[txt[i - M].charCodeAt(0)]--;
    }
  
    // Check for the last window in text
    if (compare(countP, countTW))
        return true;
        return false;
}
 
// Driver code
let txt = "BACDGABCDA";
let pat = "ABCD";
 
if (search(pat, txt))
    document.write("Yes");
else
    document.write("NO");
 
 
// This code is contributed by ab2127
</script>
Output: 
Yes

 




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