GATE | Sudo GATE 2020 Mock II (10 January 2019) | Question 3

Which of the following option is Grammatically correct ?
(A) Many scientists are still hoping to have found life on another planet.
(B) Many scientists are still hoping to find life on another planet.
(C) Many scientists are still hoping to have been found life on another planet.
(D) Many scientists are still hoping too have found life on another planet.


Answer: (B)

Explanation: “Hoping,” like “planning”/”dreaming”/”expecting,” etc., is future-oriented and in the present participle (“-ing”), requires the infinitive in modifying verbs, i.e. “hoping to find.”

Scientists cannot hope “to have found” [(A)] something already that they are “still hoping” to find. “too” [(D)] is the adverb meaning “also,” not the preposition “to.” “To have been found” errs doubly, using both present-perfect tense and passive voice incorrectly here.

Only option (B) is correct.

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