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GATE | GATE-CS-2009 | Question 60

  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 28 Jun, 2021

Consider a system with 4 types of resources R1 (3 units), R2 (2 units), R3 (3 units), R4 (2 units). A non-preemptive resource allocation policy is used. At any given instance, a request is not entertained if it cannot be completely satisfied. Three processes P1, P2, P3 request the sources as follows if executed independently.

Process P1: 
t=0: requests 2 units of R2 
t=1: requests 1 unit of R3 
t=3: requests 2 units of R1 
t=5: releases 1 unit of R2    
        and 1 unit of R1. 
t=7: releases 1 unit of R3 
t=8: requests 2 units of R4 
t=10: Finishes

Process P2: 
t=0: requests 2 units of R3 
t=2: requests 1 unit of R4 
t=4: requests 1 unit of R1 
t=6: releases 1 unit of R3 
t=8: Finishes

Process P3: 
t=0: requests 1 unit of R4 
t=2: requests 2 units of R1 
t=5: releases 2 units of R1 
t=7: requests 1 unit of R2 
t=8: requests 1 unit of R3 
t=9: Finishes

Which one of the following statements is TRUE if all three processes run concurrently starting at time t=0? 
(A) All processes will finish without any deadlock
(B) Only P1 and P2 will be in deadlock.
(C) Only P1 and P3 will be in a deadlock.
(D) All three processes will be in deadlock


Answer: (A)

Explanation:

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We can apply the following Deadlock Detection algorithm and see that there is no process waiting indefinitely for a resource. See this for deadlock detection algorithm.


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