FTP Full Form

FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol. It is an application layer protocol which moves the required files between local file systems and remote file systems. Like HTTP, it runs on the top of TCP. To transfer a file, FTP uses two TCP connections in parallel:

History of FTP :
On 16 April 1971, the original documentation for the FTP was written by Abhay Bhushan and published as RFC 114. Until 1980, FTP ran on NCP, which was the predecessor of TCP/IP. A TCP/IP version replaced the protocol later, in June 1980 RFC 765 and in October 1985 RFC 959, which is the current specification.

Features of FTP :

Advantages of FTP :

Disadvantages of FTP :

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