Count the number of strings in an array whose distinct characters are less than equal to M

Given an array of strings arr[] and an integer M, the task is to count the strings whose count of distinct characters is less than M.

Examples:

Input: arr[] = {“ADAM”, “JOHNSON”, “COOL”}, M = 3
Output: 2
Explanation:
There are two such strings whose count of distinct characters is less than M.
Count of Distinct(“ADAM”) = 3
Count of Distinct(“COOL”) = 3

Input: arr[] = {“HERBIVORES”, “AEROPLANE”, “GEEKSFORGEEKS”}, M = 7
Output: 2
Explanation:
There are two such strings whose count of distinct characters is less than M.
Count of Distinct(“AEROPLANE”) = 7
Count of Distinct(“GEEKSFORGEEKS”) = 7

Approach:The idea is to iterate over all the strings and find the distinct characters of the string, If the count of the distinct characters in the string is less than or equal to the given value of the M then increment the count by 1.



Below is the implementation of the above approach:

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// Java implementation to count
// the number of strings in the
// array whose distinct characters
// is less than or equal to M
import java.util.*;
  
class GFG{
  
// Function to count the strings
// whose distinct characters
// count is less than M
public static void distinct(String[] S, int M)
{
    int count = 0;
      
    // Loop to iterate over all
    // the strings of the array
    for(int i = 0; i < S.length; i++)
    {
         
       // Distinct characters in the
       // String with the help of set
       Set<Character> set = new HashSet<>();
       for(int j = 0; j < S[i].length(); j++)
       {
          if (!set.contains(S[i].charAt(j)))
              set.add(S[i].charAt(j));
       }
       int c = set.size();
         
       // Checking if its less
       // than or equal to M
       if (c <= M)
           count += 1;
    }
    System.out.println(count);
}
  
// Driver Code
public static void main(String[] args)
{
    String S[] = { "HERBIVORES", "AEROPLANE",
                   "GEEKSFORGEEKS" };
    int M = 7;
  
    distinct(S, M);
}
}
  
// This code is contributed by jrishabh99
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# Python3 implementation to count
# the number of strings in the 
# array whose distinct characters 
# is less than or equal to M
  
# Function to count the strings
# whose distinct characters 
# count is less than M
def distinct(S, M):
    count = 0
      
    # Loop to iterate over all 
    # the strings of the array
    for i in range (len(S)):
          
        # Distinct characters in the
        # String with the help of set
        c = len(set([d for d in S[i]]))
          
        # Checking if its less 
        # than or equal to M
        if (c <= M):
            count += 1
    print(count)
  
# Driver Code
if __name__== '__main__':
      
    S = ["HERBIVORES", "AEROPLANE",
         "GEEKSFORGEEKS"]
    M = 7
  
    distinct(S, M)
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Output:
2

Performance Analysis:

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Improved By : jrishabh99

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