# std::upper_bound and std::lower_bound for Vector in C++ STL

## Vector – upper_bound and lower_bound

Iterator lower_bound (Iterator first, Iterator last, const val)
Iterator upper_bound (Iterator first, Iterator last, const val)
lower_bound returns an iterator pointing to the first element in the range [first,last) which has a value not less than ‘val’.
upper_bound returns an iterator pointing to the first element in the range [first,last) which has a value greater than ‘val’.

 `// lower_bound and upper_bound in vector` `#include // for lower_bound, upper_bound and sort` `#include ` `#include // for vector`   `using` `namespace` `std;`   `int` `main()` `{` `    ``int` `gfg[] = { 5, 6, 7, 7, 6, 5, 5, 6 };`   `    ``vector<``int``> v(gfg, gfg + 8); ``// 5 6 7 7 6 5 5 6`   `    ``sort(v.begin(), v.end()); ``// 5 5 5 6 6 6 7 7`   `    ``vector<``int``>::iterator lower, upper;` `    ``lower = lower_bound(v.begin(), v.end(), 6);` `    ``upper = upper_bound(v.begin(), v.end(), 6);`   `    ``cout << ``"lower_bound for 6 at position "` `         ``<< (lower - v.begin() + 1) << ``'\n'``;` `    ``cout << ``"upper_bound for 6 at position "` `         ``<< (upper - v.begin() + 1) << ``'\n'``;`   `    ``return` `0;` `}`

Output :

```lower_bound for 6 at position 4
upper_bound for 6 at position 7
```