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ZIP API in Java

  • Last Updated : 25 Oct, 2021

Zip files are compressed files that is used for transferring files over the internet. Zip and unzip are very important operations while writing application programs. Java provides a rich API to zip and unzip the files. By using ZIP API in java we can zip and unzip into standards ZIP and GZIP formats.

As always we will be discussing constructors than moving onto methods furthermore implementing the ZIp API. Let us start off with the constructors as follows:

1. Default constructor: Zip entry with the specified name gets created and it takes string name as an argument.

ZipEntry() {}

2. Parameterized constructor: New zip entry gets created by using the specified file

2.1 ZipEntry e

ZipEntry(e) {}

2.2 File file: For opening and reading ZIP files for a specified file object

ZipFile(File) {}

2.3 For opening and reading ZIP files for a specified file object

ZipFile(File file, Charset charset) {{}

Now let us do discuss methods which are as follows:

Method 1: getEntry(): Tells zip file entry for the specified name, or null if not found.

Syntax:

 getEntry()

Return type: ZipEntry

Parameters: String name

Method 2: getInputStream():  Used to get the input stream for reading the contents of specified zip entries.

Syntax:

getNextEntry()

Return type : InputStream

parameters: ZipEntry zipEntry

Method 3: putNextentry(): Starts writing a new ZIP file entry. Then it positions the stream to the start of entry data.

Syntax:

putNextentry() {}

Return Type: Void

Parameters: ZipEntry e

Implementation:

Example 1

Java




// Java Program to Illustrate ZIP API
// To Zip a File
 
// Importing required classes
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.zip.ZipEntry;
import java.util.zip.ZipOutputStream;
 
// Class 1
// GfgZipDemo
public class GFG {
 
    // Main driver method
    public static void main(String[] argv)
    {
 
        // Calling method 2 inside main()
        GfgZipDemo.zip_one_file();
    }
 
    // Method 2
    // To perform ZIP on files
    public static void zip_one_file()
    {
 
        // Creating a byte array
        byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];
 
        // Try block to check for exceptions
        try {
 
            // Creating outputstream for writing the
            // information For ex c:\\desktop
            FileOutputStream fos = new FileOutputStream(
                "DESTINATION_PATH_WHERE_YOU_WANT_YOUR_ZIP");
 
            // Creating zip outputstream for zipping the
            // file by creating objects of ZipEntry and
            // ZipOutputStream classes
            ZipOutputStream zos = new ZipOutputStream(fos);
            ZipEntry ze = new ZipEntry("testing1.txt");
 
            zos.putNextEntry(ze);
 
            // For ex c:\\desktop\\abc.txt
            FileInputStream in
                = new FileInputStream("FILE_TO_ZIP_PATH");
 
            // Looping
            int lengths;
            // Holds true till there is something in byte
            // array as declared above of size 1024
            while ((lengths = in.read(buffer)) > 0) {
 
                // Write
                zos.write(buffer, 0, lengths);
            }
 
            // Closing file connections using close() method
            // Closing entries using closeEntry() method
            in.close();
            zos.closeEntry();
            zos.close();
 
            // Print message on console to illustrate
            // successful execution of program
            System.out.println("Successfully compiled and executed.");
        }
 
        // Catch block to handle exceptions
        catch (IOException ex) {
 
            // Display the exceptions along with line number
            // using printStackTrace() method
            ex.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

Output: On console generated after entering your path you will get the following output 

Successfully compiled and executed.

It can be perceived from the image where the file is generated as shown in the below media as follows:
 

Example 2 

Java




// Java Program to Illustrate ZIP API
// Where we are Unzipping a File
 
// Importing required classes
import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.zip.ZipEntry;
import java.util.zip.ZipInputStream;
 
// Main class
// GfgUnZipDemo
public class GFG {
 
    // Member variables of class
    List fileList;
    private static final String INPUT_ZIP_FILE
        = "YOUR_ZIP_FILE_PATH";
    // For ex c:\\desktop\\abc.zip
    private static final String OUTPUT_FOLDER
        = "YOUR_UNZIPPED_ZIP_FILE_PATH";
    // For ex c:\\desktop
 
    // Main driver method
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // Creating object of class inside main()
        GFG unZip = new GFG();
        unZip.unZipIt(INPUT_ZIP_FILE, OUTPUT_FOLDER);
    }
 
    // Method 2
    // To unzip a file
    public void unZipIt(String zipFile, String outputFolder)
    {
 
        // Creating a byte array
        byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];
 
        // Try block to check for exceptions
        try {
 
            // Creating output directory
            File folder = new File(OUTPUT_FOLDER);
 
            // If there is a folder
            if (!folder.exists()) {
                folder.mkdir();
            }
 
            // Than get the zip file
            ZipInputStream zis = new ZipInputStream(
                new FileInputStream(zipFile));
 
            // Getting the zipped list entry
            ZipEntry ze = zis.getNextEntry();
 
            // Till file is not fully unzipped
            while (ze != null) {
 
                String fileName = ze.getName();
                File newFile
                    = new File(outputFolder + File.separator
                               + fileName);
 
                System.out.println(
                    "file unzip : "
                    + newFile.getAbsoluteFile());
 
                // Create all non exists folders else we
                // will get FileNotFoundException for
                // compressed folder
                new File(newFile.getParent()).mkdirs();
 
                FileOutputStream fos
                    = new FileOutputStream(newFile);
 
                int len;
                // read till there are characters
                while ((len = zis.read(buffer)) > 0) {
                    fos.write(buffer, 0, len);
                }
 
                // Closing file output stream connections
                fos.close();
 
                ze = zis.getNextEntry();
            }
 
            // Closing all remaining connections
            zis.closeEntry();
            zis.close();
 
            // Display message for successful compilatuiona
            // nd run
            System.out.println(
                "Successfully compiled and executed.");
        }
 
        // Catch block to handle exceptions
        catch (IOException ex) {
 
            // Display the exception along with line number
            // using printStackTrace() method
            ex.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

Output: On console generated after entering your path you will get the following output 

Successfully compiled and executed.

It can be perceived from the image where the file as shown in below media as follows: 

 


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