xdg-open command in Linux with Examples

xdg-open command in the Linux system is used to open a file or URL in the user’s preferred application.
The URL will be opened in the user’s preferred web browser if a URL is provided. The file will be opened in the preferred application for files of that type if a file is provided. xdg-open supports ftp, file, https and http URLs. This can be used inside a desktop session only. It is not recommended to use xdg-open as root. Here, the zero is an indication of success while non-zero show the failure.


xdg-open {file | URL}


xdg-open read.html


  • xdg-open –version : This option will show the xdg-utils version information.
    xdg-open --version

  • xdg-open –help: This option will show command synopsis.
    xdg-open --help

  • xdg-open –manual: This option will show the manual page.
    xdg-open --manual

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