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Iterative program to Calculate Size of a tree
  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 03 Nov, 2020

Size of a tree is the number of elements present in the tree. Size of the below tree is 5.

Example Tree

Example Tree

Approach
The idea is to use Level Order Traversing

1) Create an empty queue q
2) temp_node = root /*start from root*/
3) Loop while temp_node is not NULL
    a) Enqueue temp_node’s children (first left then right children) to q
    b) Increase count with every enqueuing.
    c) Dequeue a node from q and assign it’s value to temp_node

C++




// C++ program to print size of tree in iterative
#include<iostream>
#include<queue>
using namespace std;
  
struct Node 
{
    int data;
    Node *left, *right;
};
  
// A utility function to
// create a new Binary Tree Node
Node *newNode(int data)
{
    Node *temp = new Node;
    temp->data = data;
    temp->left = NULL;
    temp->right = NULL;
      
    return temp;
}
  
// return size of tree
int sizeoftree(Node *root)
{
  
    // if tree is empty it will
    // return 0
    if(root == NULL)
        return 0;
      
      
    // Using level order Traversal.
    queue<Node *> q;
    int count = 1;
    q.push(root);
      
    while(!q.empty())
    {
        Node *temp = q.front();
      
        if(temp->left)
        {
            // Enqueue left child 
            q.push(temp->left);
              
            // Increment count
            count++;
        }
      
        if(temp->right)
        {
            // Enqueue right child 
            q.push(temp->right);
              
            // Increment count
            count++;
        }
        q.pop();
    }
      
    return count;
}
  
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    Node *root = newNode(1);
    root->left = newNode(2);
    root->right = newNode(3);
    root->left->left = newNode(4);
    root->left->right = newNode(5);
  
    cout << "Size of the tree is " <<
        sizeoftree(root) << endl;
    return 0;
}
  
// This code is contributed by SHAKEELMOHAMMAD


Java




// Java programn to calculate
// Size of a tree
import java.util.LinkedList;
import java.util.Queue;
  
class Node
{
    int data;
    Node left, right;
  
    public Node(int item)
    {
        data = item;
        left = right = null;
    }
}
  
class BinaryTree
{
    Node root;
          
    public int size()
    {
        if (root == null)
            return 0;
          
        // Using level order Traversal.
        Queue<Node> q = new LinkedList<Node>();
        q.offer(root);
          
        int count = 1
        while (!q.isEmpty())
        {
            Node tmp = q.poll();
      
            // when the queue is empty:
            // the poll() method returns null.
            if (tmp != null)
            {
                if (tmp.left != null)
                {
                    // Increment count
                    count++;
                      
                    // Enqueue left child 
                    q.offer(tmp.left);
                }
                if (tmp.right != null)
                {
                    // Increment count
                    count++;
                      
                    // Enqueue left child 
                    q.offer(tmp.right);
                }
            }
        }
          
        return count;
    }
  
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
        /* creating a binary tree and entering 
          the nodes */
        BinaryTree tree = new BinaryTree();
        tree.root = new Node(1);
        tree.root.left = new Node(2);
        tree.root.right = new Node(3);
        tree.root.left.left = new Node(4);
        tree.root.left.right = new Node(5);
  
        System.out.println("The size of binary tree"
                         " is : " + tree.size());
    }
}


Python3




# Python Program to calculate size of the tree iteratively
  
# Node Structure
class newNode:
    def __init__(self,data):
        self.data = data
        self.left = self.right = None
          
# Return size of tree
def sizeoftree(root):
    if root == None:
        return 0
    q = []
    q.append(root)
    count = 1
    while(len(q) != 0):
        root = q.pop(0)
        if(root.left):
            q.append(root.left)
            count += 1
        if(root.right):
            q.append(root.right)
            count += 1
    return count
      
# Driver Program
root = newNode(1)
root.left = newNode(2)
root.right = newNode(3)
root.left.left = newNode(4)
root.left.right = newNode(5)
print(sizeoftree(root))
  
# This is code is contributed by simranjenny84


C#




// C# programn to calculate
// Size of a tree
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
  
public class Node
{
    public int data;
    public Node left, right;
  
    public Node(int item)
    {
        data = item;
        left = right = null;
    }
}
  
public class BinaryTree
{
    Node root;
          
    public int size()
    {
        if (root == null)
            return 0;
          
        // Using level order Traversal.
        Queue<Node> q = new Queue<Node>();
        q.Enqueue(root);
          
        int count = 1; 
        while (q.Count != 0)
        {
            Node tmp = q.Dequeue();
      
            // when the queue is empty:
            // the poll() method returns null.
            if (tmp != null)
            {
                if (tmp.left != null)
                {
                    // Increment count
                    count++;
                      
                    // Enqueue left child 
                    q.Enqueue(tmp.left);
                }
                if (tmp.right != null)
                {
                    // Increment count
                    count++;
                      
                    // Enqueue left child 
                    q.Enqueue(tmp.right);
                }
            }
        }
          
        return count;
    }
  
    // Driver code
    public static void Main(String []args)
    {
        /* creating a binary tree and entering 
        the nodes */
        BinaryTree tree = new BinaryTree();
        tree.root = new Node(1);
        tree.root.left = new Node(2);
        tree.root.right = new Node(3);
        tree.root.left.left = new Node(4);
        tree.root.left.right = new Node(5);
  
        Console.WriteLine("The size of binary tree"
                        " is : " + tree.size());
    }
}
  
// This code has been contributed by 29AjayKumar



Output:

Size of the tree is 5

Time Complexity: O(n)
Auxiliary Space : O(level_max) where level max is maximum number of node in any level.

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