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Write a short note on Khilafat Movement

Last Updated : 21 Jan, 2024
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The Khilafat Movement dated between 1919 and 1924, was a pan-Islamic movement of political protest campaign, launched by the Muslims in British India to influence the British Government and to protect the Ottoman Empire after the First World War. Muhammad Ali and Shaukat Ali, in most cases, were the ones who launched the Khilafat Movement.

Typically, the expansion was intended to include the Islamic people group as part of a public development initiative. Gandhiji convinced many pioneers to start a Non-Cooperation Activity on the segment of the Khilafat Movement during the Calcutta Procedure of the elected representatives in September 1920. During World War I, Muslims in British India began the Khilafat Movement to exert influence on the British Isles government and give protection to the Ottoman Empire.

Background to Khilafat Movement

Germany received assistance from the Ottoman Empire (founded in Turkey) during World War I. However, the UK and its spouses lost the confrontation and opted to isolate Aves and close the Caliphate Union. Once facing Istanbul’s impeachment and therefore the Treaty of Versailles, the location of the Caliph was accessible. Among Muslims who saw the caliphate as an image of unification, this resulted in dissent. Muslims in India expressed that their support for the British government counted on trusting the basics that Turkey’s heavenly places could be secured and covered while Turkey was unlikely to shed any of the domains. Nevertheless, the English government wasn’t able to keep its side for the assure.

Finally, in the calendar year 1920, the Treaty of Sèvres was imposed on poultry farming. Hen farming lost its areas, for instance, Thrace, Izmir, and Anatolia, hence. The category of Muslims in India revolted against the British.

Significance of the Khilafat Movement

The Khilafat Activity was outstanding in many aspects. Typically, the expansion was the most important political development that the common citizen was aware of. Muslims and Hindus worked together to keep the growth going. Enlargement also opened the way for Pakistan activity which commenced using the starting out of Pakistan.

  1. A possibility for the Muslim authorities to succeed: Many people believe that the development has provided Muslim leaders with an open door to inspect and inspect public firms. They began to understand that the country was also concerned about issues affecting Muslims.
  2. Impact on urban Muslims: Traditionally, the Khilafat development included urban Muslims in public development. Everything was fine, on a basic level, that a people’s development should aid a cause that affected a section of the community.
  3. Inhospitable to colonialism component: There was a factor opposing dominion in the public and Khilafat developments at this time. These patterns may have lately been used as a standard stage for fighting the government.

Khilafat Movement in India

Essential exercises for this Khilafat activity were hosted in India even though Muslim outcry and disputes were commonplace in the modern world. In Yavatmal, India, Muslim forefathers customarily chose to send development to protect the caliphate. In 1919 the Every India Khilafat Snowboard was built in Bombay to achieve this. Back in 1919, the instructive class held it is primary meeting in Delhi, which was also attended by the Indian Domestic Congress. Khilafat Movement gathered a lot of support from pretty much every political leader or party in India at the movement.

Typically, pioneers and people refused to attend British celebrations in India following their victory in World War I. Having the capacity to stifle the UK economy, it turned out, chose to exclude British products. Not-participation was a strategy employed by development allies who refused to back up the British government. Commonly, the interests of the leaders of the Khilafat movement are:

It was thought that the European realm would remain intact. The establishment belonging to the Caliphate was going to be presented. The pioneers expected the Turkish federal to retain control of the O slot in Poultry. Mohammad Ali made these pleas for extension from a dialog in Paris in 1920 to save Islamic grounds as well as the caliphate with little if any order.

The Khilafat Movement in the underlying stages was obviously in a big way effective. Possibly, be that as it may, the development couldn’t keep planning for quite a while. Regarded was defaced given that the Muslims were split between working for Congress, the Khilafat cause, and the Muslim individual. The event came to a conclusion with the victory of Mustafa Kemal Pasha, who contained Ottoman rule and abrogated the role of the Caliph. The brains of the Khilafat movement were further broken down into various personal lines that have developed. An advantage of the occurrences that this Khilafat motion blew out were:

  • Moplah Revolt: Commonly, the Moplahs were Arab- Muslim relatives who in August 1921 rebelled against Hindu landowners. This rebellion, being a common problem of Muslim- Hindu strife, outlined the Hindu- Muslim camaraderie observed in the Khilafat motion not long before.
  • Expansion of Violence: The diversity of violent symptoms started out to be more complicated after the non- assistance movement. Mahatma Gandhi’s decision to pull away from the No- Cooperation Motion harmed the Khilafat Movement, and stress among the innovators grew.
  • Poultry Improvements: The cancellation of this caliphate in China and also the removal of his position was an entire failure in the Khilafat movement. Muslims typically lose the reason they were looking for despite being stunned by something extremely similar. As a result of this, the expansion ebbed out gradually and gradually. In spite of its failure, the Khilafat activity was significant for the Islamic political change of events. Capability and a cohesive political affiliation were crucial to you, Muslims. Muslims were aware of the desire for a new country, which led to the formation of the Islamic League and Pakistan later on.

The Khilafat movement routed Muslims from across the world to oversee the caliphate.  The heads of your offshoot were Shaukat Ali, Maulana Ali Jauhar, Abul Kalam Azad, and Ajmal Ali. Non-collaboration and a blacklist of British items were among the systems added during development. Typically, the development did not continue for a long time due to the differing personal plans of the expansion’s leaders.

Read More

  1. Khilafat Movement
  2. Non-Cooperation Movement
  3. First War, Khilafat and Non-Cooperation Movement

Frequently Asked Questions

What was the Khilafat movement?

Khilafat movement refers to the agitation by Indian Muslims which allied with Indian nationalism after the World War I. The main motive was to pressurise the British government for preservation of the authority of the Ottoman Sultan as Caliph of Islam.

Who was Khalifa?

Khalifa refers to the spiritual head of the Islamic world. It was also a title adopted by many Islamic religious groups.

Who were the two main leaders of the Khilafat movement?

The two main leaders of the Khilafat movement were Mohammad Ali and Shaukat Ali.

For what reason did Gandhiji send off Khilafat development?

Gandhiji considered the Khilafat Movement to be a chance for joining the Hindus and the Muslims. The development was sent off by the Khilafat board of trustees to go against the unforgiving arrangement which would have been forced on the profound head of the Ottoman Empire in the Middle East.

For what reason was the Khilafat development begin in India?

The Khilafat development (1919-1924) was a tumult by Indian Muslims aligned with Indian patriotism soon after World War I. Its motivation was to compel the British government to protect the power of the Ottoman Sultan as Caliph of Islam following the separation of the Ottoman Empire toward the finish of the conflict.

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