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Write a short note on Island Groups of India

Last Updated : 17 Jul, 2023
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In India, there are two groups of islands. Lakshwadeep islands which are located in the Arabian Sea and are close to the Malabar coast of Kerala and are referred to as the smaller groups of coral islands. The administrative capital of Lakshadweep is Kavaratti Island. Andaman and Nicobar Islands are located in the Bay of Bengal and are in an elevated portion of submerged mountains as they lie close to the equator, they remain hot and wet throughout the year and have dense forests in it.

Islands are little parcels encompassed by water, on all sides. They can be in the middle between oceans, seas, and lakes, or in the middle between waterways. At the point when there is a gathering of islands at a similar spot, they are called an archipelago. India is politically separated into 28 states and 8 Union Territories. The public capital of India is Delhi. Among these association domains, two are the island gatherings of India. Lakshadweep and Andaman and Nicobar Islands are the two island gatherings of India.

Islands of India

Islands of India


Lakshadweep islands are situated in the Arabian Ocean. The island is situated on the off-bank of the Kerala state. Lakshadweep is the island gathering of India that has a coral beginning. These are coral islands situated off the shore of God’s own nation Kerala. They are considered as sort of coral reefs that are known as Atolls which are roundabout or pony shoe molded reefs.

The islands of Lakshadweep are little, none surpassing 1 mile (1.6 km) in broadness; the Amindivis are the northernmost islands of the gathering, and Minicoy Island is the southernmost island. Practically every one of the occupied islands is a coral atoll. The higher eastern sides of the islands are the most appropriate for human residence, while the low-lying tidal ponds on the western sides shield the occupants from the southwest storm. The dirt of Lakshadweep is for the most part sandy, got from the coral. Consistently, temperatures in Lakshadweep by and large reach from around 70 °F (around 20 °C) to almost 90 °F (around 32 °C). Twisters getting across the Arabian Sea seldom strike the islands. Nonetheless, the breezes and waves related to them can modify the land includes impressively.

Plant and Creature Life

Besides a wealth of coconut palms, normal trees incorporate banyans, casuarinas, pandan (screw pines), breadfruits, tamarinds, and tropical almonds (class Terminalia). Betel nut and betel leaf likewise fill in the islands. Among the most striking marine fauna are sharks, bonitos, fishes, snappers, and flying fish. Manta beams, octopuses, crabs, turtles, and arranged gastropods are abundant. The islands additionally are home to a variety of water birds, like herons, greenish blues, and gulls.


  • After Sikkim, Lakshadweep is the following littlest populated place in India
  • Lakshadweep is India’s littlest Union Territory. (Our country India comprises 29 states and 7 association domains. The Association domain is definitely not an autonomous unit yet is controlled by the chairmen designated by the President of India)
  • The Kavaratti is the capital of the Union Territory Lakshadweep in India
  • Lakshadweep is an archipelago of 36 islands, dispersed over around 78,000 square km of the Arabian Sea, 200-440 km off the south-western shore of India The populace on this island is around 65,000.

Andaman and Nicobar Island

The Andaman and the Nicobar Islands deceive the southeast of the Indian central area in the Bay of Bengal. Andaman and Nicobar have their own rich culture and customs. The island has a huge number of sea shores and sightseers are drawn in by these. In 2004 the islands drew worldwide consideration when they were seriously harmed by an enormous torrent that had been set off by a seismic tremor in the Indian Ocean close to Indonesia. Region 3,185 square miles (8,249 square km). Pop. (2011) 379,944.

The Andamans contain in excess of 300 islands. North, Middle, and South Andaman referred to by and large as Great Andaman, are the principal islands; others incorporate Landfall Island, Interview Island, the Sentinel Islands, Ritchie’s Archipelago, and Rutland Island. Little Andaman in the south is isolated from the Nicobar Islands by the Ten Degree Channel, which is around 90 miles (145 km) wide.

The Nicobars comprises 19 islands. Among the most unmistakable are Car Nicobar in the north; Camorta, Katchall, and Nancowry in the focal point of the chain; and Great Nicobar in the south. Around 90 miles toward the southwest of Great Nicobar lies the northwestern tip of Sumatra, Indonesia.


The environment of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands is tropical, however, is directed via ocean breezes. Temperatures regularly increase from the low 70s F (around 23 °C) into the mid-80s F (around 30 °C) day to day over time. The domain gets approximately 120 inches (3,000 mm) of downpour yearly, brought principally by the southwest storm, which blows from May through September, and by the hurricanes that continue in October and November. In the Nicobars, Great Nicobar gets extensively more downpours than different islands. The Andamans have long given meteorological information to delivery in the Bay of Bengal; a revealing station was in activity at Port Blair as soon as 1868.


  • Port Blair is the capital of the Andaman Nicobar Islands.
  • Well known for the famous cell prison
  • Port Blair has a tropical rainstorm environment
  • The most normal religion is Hinduism trailed by Christianity and Islam
  • Bengali is the most well-known language. Hindi, Tamil, and Telugu are different dialects spoken by individuals
  • The travel industry is the real driving economy.

FAQs on Island Groups of India

Q 1. What are the island groups of India?


The island groups of India include Andaman and Nicobar Islands which lie to south-east of Indian mainland in Bay of Bengal.

Q 2. Write a short note about the islands.


An island refers to a body that is surrounded by water on all sides.

Q 3. What is called an Island Group?


Island groups refer to a chain, cluster, or collection of islands or sometimes by sea which contains a number of scattered islands.

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