Wrapper Classes in Java
A Wrapper class in Java is a class whose object wraps or contains primitive data types. When we create an object to a wrapper class, it contains a field and in this field, we can store primitive data types. In other words, we can wrap a primitive value into a wrapper class object. Let’s check on the wrapper classes in Java with examples:
Need of Wrapper Classes
There are certain needs for using the Wrapper class in Java as mentioned below:
- They convert primitive data types into objects. Objects are needed if we wish to modify the arguments passed into a method (because primitive types are passed by value).
- The classes in java.util package handles only objects and hence wrapper classes help in this case also.
- Data structures in the Collection framework, such as ArrayList and Vector, store only objects (reference types) and not primitive types.
- An object is needed to support synchronization in multithreading.
Advantages of Wrapper Classes
- Collections allowed only object data.
- On object data we can call multiple methods compareTo(), equals(), toString()
- Cloning process only objects
- Object data allowed null values.
- Serialization can allow only object data.
Below are given examples of wrapper classes in Java with their corresponding Primitive data types in Java.
Primitive Data Types and their Corresponding Wrapper Class
Primitive Data Type
Autoboxing and Unboxing
The automatic conversion of primitive types to the object of their corresponding wrapper classes is known as autoboxing. For example – conversion of int to Integer, long to Long, double to Double, etc.
It is just the reverse process of autoboxing. Automatically converting an object of a wrapper class to its corresponding primitive type is known as unboxing. For example – conversion of Integer to int, Long to long, Double to double, etc.
Java Wrapper Classes Example
Values of Wrapper objects (printing as objects) Byte object byteobj: 1 Integer object intobj: 10 Float object floatobj: 18.6 Double object doubleobj: 250.5 Character object charobj: a Unwrapped values (printing as data types) byte value, bv: 1 int value, iv: 10 float value, fv: 18.6 double value, dv: 250.5 char value, cv: a
Custom Wrapper Classes in Java
Java Wrapper classes wrap the primitive data types. We can create a class that wraps data inside it. So let us check how to create our own custom wrapper class in Java. It can be implemented for creating certain structures like queues, stacks, etc.
Maximum element: 23 Number of elements inserted: 3
FAQs in Wrapper Class
1. Which are the wrapper classes in Java?
A Wrapper class in Java is a class whose object wraps or contains primitive data types.
2. Why use the wrapper class in Java?
The wrapper class in Java is used to convert primitive data types into objects. Objects are needed if we wish to modify the arguments passed into a method.
3. What are the 8 wrapper classes in Java?
There are 8 Wrapper classes in Java these are char, byte, short, int, long, float, double and boolean.
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