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Working with Photoshop Files

  • Last Updated : 16 Jun, 2021
Geek Week

Photoshop is photo-editing software. It was developed in 1987 by the American brothers Thomas and John Knoll. There are two types of graphic software – Vector Graphic and Raster Graphic. This software provides many image editing features for raster (pixel-based) images as well as vector graphics. In technical language, Photoshop is RASTER graphic software, which means it is used to edit the raster graphics. In this article, we will learn how to create a new file, opening an existing file, and saving the existing file.

Creating a new file

In Photoshop, we can create a new file using the following steps:

Step 1: Open Photoshop.

Step 2: Go to the menu bar and click on the file 

Step 3: When you click on the file option a drop down menu will appear on the screen. So, in this menu select New option. 



Step 4: When you click on the New option a popup window will appear, as shown in the below image. It will contain different options/settings for the new document, like you can set the name, height, width of the document, etc. according to your requirements.

Step 5: After completing the setting for the new document click on the create button. 

Now you are ready to do your artwork.

Opening an existing file

To open the existing file in Photoshop, follow the following steps:



Step 1: Go to the menu bar and click on the file 

Step 2: When you click on the file option, a drop down menu will appear on the screen. So, in this menu select Open option. 

Step 3: When you click on the Open option a popup window will appear, as shown in the below image. It will contain all the files present in the specified folder on your computer.

Step 4: Choose the desired file from the window and then click open.

This is how a le existing file opens in photoshop. 

Saving a file

In Photoshop, we can also save our documents in different types of file formats. Photoshop supports 15+ file formats and some of the commonly used file formats are:

  • .PSD: It stands for Photoshop Document. It is the native file format of Photoshop and preserves layers, colors of the image, etc. You can use this formate when you want to share the document with other Photoshop users or you want to save your document in the native format.
  • .JPG or .JPEG: It stands for Joint Photographic Experts Group. It is the most commonly used file format. Such types of files are generally used by the photo labs to print and view images or you can attach JPEG files with the emails. Almost every browser or software supports this format.
  • .PNG: It stands for Portable Network Graphics. It is also a commonly used file format. It supports all color modes, 24-bit images, and transparency.
  • .BMP: It stands for bitmap. this format is generally used when you want to add images to system resources, such as wallpaper, etc.
  • .GIF: It stands for CompuServe GIF. It is also a popular file format. It indexed color, animated images, and supports the smallest file sizes.

Now we will learn how to save files or documents in Photoshop. In Photoshop, we can save files using two options:



1. Using the Save As option:

So to save a file using Save As option follow the following steps:

Step 1: Go to the menu bar and click on the file 

Step 2: When you click on the file option, a drop down menu will appear on the screen. So, in this menu select Save As option. 

Step 3: When you click on Save As option a pop-up window will appear like as shown in the below image. In this window, you can change the file name, file format, location, etc.

Step 4: Now click on the Save button.

This is how you save your file in Photoshop.

2. Using the Save option:

So, to save a file using the Save option, follow the following steps:

Step 1: Go to the menu bar and click on the file.

Step 2: When you click on the file option, a drop down menu will appear on the screen. So, in this menu select the Save option. 

When you select the save option the changes that you made in your will save.

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