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Working with Headers And Footers in Python .docx Module
  • Last Updated : 03 Jan, 2021
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Prerequisite: Working with .docx module

Word documents contain formatted text wrapped within three object levels. The Lowest level-run objects, middle level-paragraph objects, and highest level-document objects. So, we cannot work with these documents using normal text editors. But, we can manipulate these word documents in python using the python-docx module. Pip command to install this module is:

pip install python-docx

Python docx module allows users to manipulate docs by either manipulating the existing one or creating a new empty document and manipulating it. It is a powerful tool as it helps you to manipulate the document to a very large extend. Both header and footer are a part of a section so that each section can have a different header and footer. The header is an important part of the document as it contains important information regarding the document which the publisher wants to display on each page.

Simple Header

A header object is always present on the top of the section or page and can be called by the use of section.header. Each new header contains an empty paragraph and it can be edited like the rest of the document. To add content we use the .text method of the paragraph.

Example 1: Adding a header in the Word document.



Python3




# Import docx NOT python-docx
import docx
  
# Create an instance of a word document
doc = docx.Document()
  
# Choosing the top most sectin of the page
section = doc.sections[0]
  
# Calling the header
header = section.header
  
# Calling the paragraph already present in
# the header section
header_para = header.paragraphs[0]
  
# Adding text in the header
header_para.text = "This is a header..."
  
# Add a Title to the document 
doc.add_heading('GeeksForGeeks', 0)
  
# Now save the document to a location 
doc.save('gfg.docx')

Output:

Zoned Header

By using this module you can also add a zoned header in the Word document. To add a zoned header we use tabs i.e ‘\t‘. There are three zones left, Centre and right. The text is by default in zone left, if we use a single ‘\t‘ on the text then it will shift to the center zone and with one more ‘\t‘ to the right zone respectively.

Example 2: Adding a left zoned header to a Word document.

Python3




# Import docx NOT python-docx
import docx
  
# Create an instance of a word document
doc = docx.Document()
  
# Choosing the top most sectin of the page
section = doc.sections[0]
  
# Selecting the header
header = section.header
  
# Selecting the paragraph already present in
# the header section
header_para = header.paragraphs[0]
  
# Adding the left zoned header
header_para.text = "This is Left Zoned Header..."
  
# Add a Title to the document 
doc.add_heading('GeeksForGeeks', 0)
  
# Now save the document to a location 
doc.save('gfg.docx')

Output:



Example 3: Adding a centered zoned header to a Word document.

Python3




# Import docx NOT python-docx
import docx
  
# Create an instance of a word document
doc = docx.Document()
  
# Choosing the top most sectin of the page
section = doc.sections[0]
  
# Selecting the header
header = section.header
  
# Selecting the paragraph already present in
# the header section
header_para = header.paragraphs[0]
  
# Adding the centred zoned header
header_para.text = "\tThis is Centred Zoned Header..."
  
# Add a Title to the document 
doc.add_heading('GeeksForGeeks', 0)
  
# Now save the document to a location 
doc.save('gfg.docx')

Output:

Example 4: Adding a right zoned header to a Word document.

Python3




# Import docx NOT python-docx
import docx
  
# Create an instance of a word document
doc = docx.Document()
  
# Choosing the top most sectin of the page
section = doc.sections[0]
  
# Selecting the header
header = section.header
  
# Selecting the paragraph already present in
# the header section
header_para = header.paragraphs[0]
  
# Adding the right zoned header
header_para.text = "\t\tThis is Right Zoned Header..."
  
# Add a Title to the document 
doc.add_heading('GeeksForGeeks', 0)
  
# Now save the document to a location 
doc.save('gfg.docx')

Output:

Simple Footer

A footer object is always present at the bottom of the section or page and can be called by the use of section.footer. Each new footer contains an empty paragraph and it can be edited like the rest of the document. To add content we make use of the .text method of the paragraph.

Example 1:Adding a footer to a Word document.

Python3




# Import docx NOT python-docx
import docx
  
# Create an instance of a word document
doc = docx.Document()
  
# Choosing the top most sectin of the page
section = doc.sections[0]
  
# Calling the footer
footer = section.footer
  
# Calling the paragraph already present in
# the footer section
footer_para = footer.paragraphs[0]
  
# Adding text in the footer
footer_para.text = "This is a footer..."
  
# Add a Title to the document 
doc.add_heading('GeeksForGeeks', 0)
  
# Now save the document to a location 
doc.save('gfg.docx')

Output:

Zoned Footer

To add a zoned footer we will use tabs i.e ‘\t‘. There are three zones left, Centre and right. The text is by default in zone left, if we use single ‘\t‘ on the text then it will sift to the center zone and with one more ‘\t‘ to the right zone respectively.

Example 2: Adding a left zoned footer to a Word document.

Python3




# Import docx NOT python-docx
import docx
  
# Create an instance of a word document
doc = docx.Document()
  
# Choosing the top most sectin of the page
section = doc.sections[0]
  
# Calling the footer
footer = section.footer
  
# Calling the paragraph already present in
# the footer section
footer_para = footer.paragraphs[0]
  
# Adding the left zoned footer
footer_para.text = "This is the left zoned footer..."
  
# Add a Title to the document 
doc.add_heading('GeeksForGeeks', 0)
  
# Now save the document to a location 
doc.save('gfg.docx')

Output:

 

Example 3: Adding a center zoned footer to a Word document.

Python3




# Import docx NOT python-docx
import docx
  
# Create an instance of a word document
doc = docx.Document()
  
# Choosing the top most sectin of the page
section = doc.sections[0]
  
# Calling the footer
footer = section.footer
  
# Calling the paragraph already present in
# the footer section
footer_para = footer.paragraphs[0]
  
# Adding the centered zoned footer
footer_para.text = "\tThis is the centered zoned footer..."
  
# Add a Title to the document 
doc.add_heading('GeeksForGeeks', 0)
  
# Now save the document to a location 
doc.save('gfg.docx')

Output:

Example 4: Adding a right zoned footer to a Word document.

Python3




# Import docx NOT python-docx
import docx
  
# Create an instance of a word document
doc = docx.Document()
  
# Choosing the top most sectin of the page
section = doc.sections[0]
  
# Calling the footer
footer = section.footer
  
# Calling the paragraph already present in
# the footer section
footer_para = footer.paragraphs[0]
  
# Adding the right zoned footer
footer_para.text = "\t\tThis is the right zoned footer..."
  
# Add a Title to the document 
doc.add_heading('GeeksForGeeks', 0)
  
# Now save the document to a location 
doc.save('gfg.docx')

Output:


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