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Why is power sharing important in a democracy?

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  • Difficulty Level : Expert
  • Last Updated : 20 Jul, 2022
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Power sharing is the process of distributing a country’s or region’s power among the various elements or organs of any given government, such as the judiciary, executive, and legislative. Several nations have reached the highest level of political stability with the assistance of this approach. Aside from that, power sharing entails sharing power among other district levels such as local, state, and union.

To begin with, power sharing is beneficial since it reduces the likelihood of conflict between social groupings. Because social strife frequently leads to violence and political instability, power sharing is an effective means of ensuring political order stability. Power sharing is at the heart of democracy. A democratic rule entails sharing power with people who are impacted by it and must live with its consequences. People have the right to be consulted on how they will be governed. Power sharing is crucial in a democracy because:

  •  It reduces the likelihood of conflict between social groupings.
  •  It embodies the spirit of democracy. 
  • It is an excellent strategy to maintain the political order’s stability. Power Sharing Structure. 

Power Sharing Structure

 It was considered that all of a government’s authority must exist in one person or group of people in one location. Otherwise, making timely choices and enforcing them would be extremely difficult. However, with the rise of democracy, these beliefs have shifted. People rule themselves in a democracy through self-government institutions. Everyone has a say in how public policies are developed. As a result, political  power in a democratic government should be dispersed among citizens.

What Are the Different Types of Power Sharing?

Because we live in a contemporary society, democracy would be an imitation of that as well. So, in our modern society and its democracy, many various types of power sharing are possible. Power sharing in modern democracies can take numerous forms, as listed below:

  • Power is distributed among three organs of Government that is, the Legislative, Executive, and Judiciary. This is known as horizontal power distribution because it permits various government organs at the same level to exercise distinct powers. This split guarantees that none of the organs has unrestricted authority. Each organ verifies the others. This is known as a system of checks and balances.
  • Different social groupings, such as religious and linguistic communities, may also share power. Belgium’s ‘community government’ is a good illustration of this setup. This strategy is designed to ensure that minority populations have a fair amount of power.
  • Power can be divided among governments at several levels, including a federal government that governs the entire country and provincial or regional governments.
  • Power dynamics may also be seen in how political parties, pressure groups, and movements control or influence people in power. When two or more parties create an alliance to run for office, and if elected, they form a coalition government and so share power.

Advantages and Disadvantages of the power-sharing in Democracypower-sharing

 AdvantagesDisadvantages
1It is recognised that national unity can only be achieved by respecting the sentiments and interests of various populations.1. It creates a sense among residents that power sharing leads to a division of authority, making a country weaker than it would be if power was concentrated in one hand.
2The political order has stabilised.2.  It also causes confusion in the council of several organs.
3No single community can make decisions on its own.3.  It can also lead to war between two states, districts, or even cities or localities.
4 Reduces tensions between various social groupings.4. It also leads to the perception that it jeopardises national unity.

Sample Questions

Question 1: Why is it good to share power?

Answer:

Power sharing is beneficial because it reduces the likelihood of conflict between social groupings. The second argument is that a democratic system entails sharing power with people who are impacted by its application and must live with its consequences. The people have the right to be consulted on how they will be governed.

Question 2: Is sharing power a smart method to avoid social conflict?

Answer:

Because social strife frequently leads to violence and political instability, power sharing is an effective approach to maintaining political order. The ethos of democracy is one of power sharing.

Question 3: How is power distributed in a country?

Answer:

In this scenario of power-sharing, power is shared among the many sorts of social groupings that exist in any area, region, or country. There can be several social groupings, such as religious organizations and language communities.

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