Prerequisite: Inheritance in Java
Constructor in java is a special type of method which is different from normal java methods/ordinary methods. Constructors are used to initialize an object. Automatically a constructor is called when an object of a class is created. It is syntactically similar to a method but it has the same name as its class and a constructor does not have a return type.
Java constructor can not be final
One of the important property of java constructor is that it can not be final. As we know, constructors are not inherited in java. Therefore, constructors are not subject to hiding or overriding. When there is no chance of constructor overriding, there is no chance of modification also. When there is no chance of modification, then no sense of restricting modification there. We know that the final keyword restricts further modification. So a java constructor can not be final because it inherently it cannot be modified. Also, a java constructor is internally final. So again there is no need for final declaration further.
Example: Suppose we are declaring a java constructor as final, now let’s see what is happening.
prog.java:4: error: modifier final not allowed here final GFG( ) ^ 1 error
From the above example also it is clear that if we are defining constructor as final the compiler will give an error as modifier final not allowed.
Java constructor can not be static
One of the important property of java constructor is that it can not be static. We know static keyword belongs to a class rather than the object of a class. A constructor is called when an object of a class is created, so no use of the static constructor. Another thing is that if we will declare static constructor then we can not access/call the constructor from a subclass. Because we know static is allowed within a class but not by a subclass.
GFG Constructor Subclass Constructor
Above example expresses that, when an object of subclass is created then Superclass constructor is called by Subclass constructor through constructor chaining. But if we make superclass constructor static then it can’t be called by Subclass as above said static it is accessible within the class but not by the subclass.
One more important reason for not declaring the constructor as static is that, we know a static member is executed first in a program just like the main method which is static and executed first. But constructor is called each and every time when an object is created. But if we will declare it static then the constructor will be called before object creation. So in general if we will see static and constructor are opposite to each other if we want to assign initial values for an instance variable we can use constructor and if we want to assign static variables we can use static blocks.
Example: Suppose we are declaring a java constructor as static, now let’s see what is happening.
prog.java:5: error: modifier static not allowed here static GFG( ) ^ 1 error
From the above example also it is clear that if we are defining constructor as static the compiler will give an error as modifier static not allowed.
Java constructor can not be abstract
One of the important property of java constructor is that it can not be abstract. If we are declaring a constructor as abstract as we have to implement it in a child class, but we know a constructor is called implicitly when the new keyword is used so it can’t lack a body and also it can not be called as a normal method. Also, if we make a constructor abstract then we have to provide the body later. But we know constructor can not be overridden so providing body is impossible. Hence, what we will do with this abstract constructor when we can not provide implementation to it.
Example: Suppose we are declaring a java constructor as abstract, now let’s see what is happening.
prog.java:5: error: modifier abstract not allowed here abstract GFG( ) ^ prog.java:17: error: GFG is abstract; cannot be instantiated GFG obj = new GFG(); ^ 2 errors
From the above example also it is clear that if we are defining constructor as static the compiler will give an error as modifier abstract not allowed.
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