Generally, compiled programs run faster than interpreted programs because they are first converted native machine code. Also, compilers read and analyze the code only once, and report the errors collectively that the code might have, but the interpreter will read and analyze the code statements each time it meets them and halts at that very instance if there is some error. In practice, the distinction between the two is getting blurred owing to improved computation capabilities of the modern hardware and advanced coding practices.
Some programming languages traditionally used with an explicit compilation step are C, C++.
Applications of Scripting Languages :
- To automate certain tasks in a program
- Extracting information from a data set
- Less code intensive as compared to traditional programming languages
Applications of Programming Languages :
- They typically run inside a parent program like scripts
- More compatible while integrating code with mathematical models
- Languages like JAVA can be compiled and then used on any platform
Let us see the differences in a tabular form -:
|A scripting language is a language that uses a naive method to bring codes to a runtime environment
||A Programming language is a language which is used by humans to navigate their communication with computers.
|These are made for a particular runtime environment.
Programming languages are of three types -:
- low-level Programming language
- Middle-level Programming language
- High-level Programming language
|They are used to create dynamic web applications
||Programming languages are used to write computer programs.
|Scripting languages contain different libraries
||They are high-speed languages.
||Example -: C++, Java, PHP High-level etc.
|Scripting languages can be easily ported among various operating systems.
||Programming languages are translation free languages
|These languages requires a host.
||These languages are self executable.
|Do not create a .exe file.
||These generate .exe files.
|Most of the scripting languages are interpreted language.
||Most of the programming languages are compiled languages.
|All the scripting languages are programming languages.
||All the programming languages are not scripting languages.
|It is easier to learn than programming language.
||It can take significant amount of time to learn.
|It is less code intensive when compared with programming language.
||It is code intensive.
|It does not create any binary files.
||It does creates binary files.
|It is easy for the beginner to write and understand the code.
||It is difficult for the beginner to write and understand the code.
|It is run inside another program.
||It is independently run.
|It needs lesser line of codes.
||It needs numerous lines of code.
|It has low maintenance cost.
||It has high maintenance cost.
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