# What’s difference between 1’s Complement and 2’s Complement?

**1’s complement** of a binary number is another binary number obtained by toggling all bits in it, i.e., transforming the 0 bit to 1 and the 1 bit to 0.

Examples:

Let numbers be stored using 4 bits 1's complement of 7 (0111) is 8 (1000) 1's complement of 12 (1100) is 3 (0011)

**2’s complement** of a binary number is 1 added to the 1’s complement of the binary number.

Examples:

Let numbers be stored using 4 bits 2's complement of 7 (0111) is 9 (1001) 2's complement of 12 (1100) is 4 (0100)

These representations are used for signed numbers.

The** main difference** between 1′ s complement and 2′ s complement is that 1′ s complement has two representations of 0 (zero) – 00000000, which is positive zero (+0) and 11111111, which is negative zero (-0); whereas in 2′ s complement, there is only one representation for zero – 00000000 (+0) because if we add 1 to 11111111 (-1), we get 00000000 (+0) which is the same as positive zero. This is the reason why 2′ s complement is generally used.

Another difference is that while adding numbers using 1′ s complement, we first do binary addition, then add in an end-around carry value. But, 2′ s complement has only one value for zero, and doesn’t require carry values.

Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above

## Recommended Posts:

- 1's and 2's complement of a Binary Number
- Previous number same as 1's complement
- 10's Complement of a decimal number
- Subtraction of two numbers using 2's Complement
- Complement of a number with any base b
- Find One's Complement of an Integer
- Check if one of the numbers is one's complement of the other
- 9's complement of a decimal number
- Why are negative numbers stored as 2's complement?
- Check if bits in range L to R of two numbers are complement of each other or not
- Efficient method for 2's complement of a binary string
- 8085 program to find 1's and 2's complement of 8-bit number
- 8085 program to find 1’s and 2’s complement of 16-bit number
- Find relative complement of two sorted arrays
- Check if binary representation of a given number and its complement are anagram