Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

What is useState() & how it has been used to validate input values?
  • Last Updated : 24 Jan, 2021

The useState() is a hook in ReactJs which allows a functional component to have a state. We pass the initial state in this function, and it returns us a variable and a function to update that state.

  • We have to import the useState() hook from the react package.

    import  { useState } from 'react';
  • Syntax to create state using useState() hook:

    const [ state, updateState] = useState("Initial Value")

The useState() returns a list with two-element. first is the state itself, and the second is the function to update this state.

Creating React Application:



Step 1: Create a React application using the following command:

npx create-react-app foldername

Step 2: After creating your project folder, i.e., foldername, move to it using the following command:

cd foldername

Project Structure: It will look like the following.

Example 1:
Filename App.js:

Javascript




import React, { Component, useState } from "react";
const App = () =>   {
    
  const [name, updateName] = useState("kapil")
const handleUpdate = () => {
    
    updateName("Nikhil")
}
    return(
    <div >
      <button
        style = { {margin: 100 }}
        onClick = { () => { handleUpdate()} } >
        change Name
      </button>
      { name }
    </div>
    );
            
}
export default App;

Output:

Example 2: Validation of Input value in React allows an error message to be displayed if the user has not filled out the form with the expected value. There are many ways to validate input value with React. 

Filename App.js:

Javascript




import React from 'react';
  
export default class App extends React.Component {
      
      state = {
        fields: {},
        errors: {}
    }
    //method to validate values 
    handleValidation = ()=>{
      let fields = this.state.fields;
      let errors = {};
      let formIsValid = true;
  
      //Name check if name is empty or not
      if(!fields["name"]){
         formIsValid = false;
         errors["name"] = "Cannot be empty";
      }
        //name should not comtain special char
      if(typeof fields["name"] !== "undefined"){
         if(!fields["name"].match(/^[a-zA-Z]+$/)){
            formIsValid = false;
            errors["name"] = "Only letters";
         }        
      }
   
      //Email should not be empty
      if(!fields["email"]){
         formIsValid = false;
         errors["email"] = "Cannot be empty";
      }
        //validating email
      if(typeof fields["email"] !== "undefined"){
         let lastAtPos = fields["email"].lastIndexOf('@');
         let lastDotPos = fields["email"].lastIndexOf('.');
  
         if (!(lastAtPos < lastDotPos && lastAtPos > 0
         && fields["email"].indexOf('@@') == -1 && 
         lastDotPos > 2 && (fields["email"].length - lastDotPos) > 2)) {
            formIsValid = false;
            errors["email"] = "Email is not valid";
          }
     }  
  
     this.setState({errors: errors});
     return formIsValid;
 }
  
    //after submit form it will be called
  handleSubmit = (e) =>{
  e.preventDefault();
    if(this.handleValidation())
      alert("form submitted successfully")
  }
  
    //updating the field value
  handleUpdate(field, e){         
    let fields = this.state.fields;
    fields[field] = e.target.value;        
    this.setState({fields});
}
  
  
   
    render(){
      return (
          <div style = {{margin:200}}>           
             <form  onSubmit= {this.handleSubmit.bind(this)}>
                 <input  type="text"  placeholder="Name" 
                 onChange={this.handleUpdate.bind(this, "name")} 
                 value={this.state.fields["name"]}/>
                    <span style={{color: "red"}}>
                    {this.state.errors["name"]}</span>
                    <br/>
                 <input type="text" placeholder="Email" 
                 onChange={this.handleUpdate.bind(this, "email")} 
                 value={this.state.fields["email"]}/>
                    <span style={{color: "red"}}>
                    {this.state.errors["email"]}</span>
                    <br/>
                 <button type = "submit">click</button>
      
            </form>
          </div>
    )
  }
}

Output:

full-stack-img

My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :