# What is the length of a rectangle whose perimeter is 48 cm and breadth is 9 cm?

Everything that surrounds us has a definite shape except for liquids. Starting from our mobile phones, laptops to our cupboards, water bottles, microwave oven, kitchen bowls, water tanks, LPG pipelines, etc. all have a definite shape. Clearly, some of these objects are used to store stuff for us. Such shapes are categorized on certain criteria in Mathematics and studied to either create more shapes like them or to improvise the existing ones by either covering them or decorating them. Furthermore, their storage capacity is also worked upon in mathematics to use them to hold things.

**What is Mensuration?**

Mensuration is that branch of mathematics that deals with the computation of dimensions and dimensional quantities pertaining to various geometrical shapes. It is the act of measuring, be its length, breadth, height, area, or any such parameter pertinent to all geometrical shapes we see around us and use everyday.

**Basic Terminology**

**Two-Dimensional Shape:**As the name suggests, such shapes have only two proportions: length and breadth. Rectangle, square, triangle fall under this category.**Three-Dimensional Shape:**Those shapes which have three proportions/ measurements are called three-dimensional shapes. Such proportions are length, breadth, and height. Cube, Cuboid, etc. fall under this category of shapes.**Area:**Such a parameter that determines the region occupied by a shape. It can only be calculated for two- dimensional shapes.**Perimeter:**Adding up the lengths of sides of a 2- D shape yields its perimeter. It is used to depict the length of an object around its sides.

**What are Quadrilaterals?**

Such a geometrical shape that is formed by joining four points in such a way that at least three of them do not lie in the same straight line is called a quadrilateral. If the points happen to be in the same line, then we would get a ray or a line segment instead of an enclosed shape. Quadrilaterals, as the name suggests, have 4 sides, angles, edges, and vertices since the word ‘quad’ means four. The sum of all the four angles of a quadrilateral must always be 360 degrees. Quadrilaterals are assigned different names on the basis of lengths of their sides as either square, rhombus, rectangle, parallelogram, trapezium, etc.

**Rectangle**

A quadrilateral whose all angles measure 90 degrees and whose parallel sides are equal is called a rectangle. It is a two- dimensional shape which has only two measurements pertaining to it, i.e., length and breadth. The figure below depicts a rectangle ABCD, whose angles are equal to 90 degrees each and the parallel sides are equal in length.

The sides AB and CD represent the length of the rectangle and AC and BD represent the breadth. Like any other quadrilateral, the sum of interior angles of rectangle ABCD is 360 degrees.

**Area of a Rectangle**

The area of a rectangle is computed by multiplying both its dimensions, keeping in mind they both are of the same unit. Thus, in the figure above, if the area of rectangle ABCD were to be calculated, it would come out to be (AB × CD) sq. units.

Thus, area of rectangle = l × b sq. units.

**Perimeter of a Rectangle**

The perimeter of a shape is defined as the sum total of all its sides, like for a triangle, it would be the sum of all three lengths of its sides, for a square it would be the sum of lengths of its four sides. Likewise, in the case of a rectangle, its perimeter would be equal to the sum of lengths of all four of its sides. Since two sides of a rectangle represent its length and the other two its breadth, the perimeter is found using the following formula:

Perimeter of a rectangle = l + l + b + b

= 2l + 2b

### What is the length of a rectangle whose perimeter is 48 cm and breadth is 9 cm?

**Solution:**

Perimeter of a rectangle = 2l + 2b

⇒ 2l + 2b = 48 cm

⇒ 2l + 2(9) = 48

⇒ 2l = 48 – 18

⇒ 2l = 30

⇒ l = 15

Thus, the length of the rectangle is 15 cm.

**Similar Problems**

**Question 1.** **Find the length of a rectangle if its perimeter is 100 cm and breadth is 10 cm.**

**Solution:**

Perimeter of a rectangle = 2l + 2b

⇒ 2l + 2b = 100 cm

⇒ 2l + 2(10) = 100

⇒ 2l = 100 – 20

⇒ 2l = 80

⇒ l = 40

Thus, the length of the rectangle is 40 cm.

**Question 2. Find the length of a rectangle if its perimeter is 200 cm and breadth is 40 cm.**

**Solution:**

Perimeter of a rectangle = 2l + 2b

⇒ 2l + 2b = 200 cm

⇒ 2l + 2(40) = 200

⇒ 2l = 200 – 80

⇒ 2l = 120

⇒ l = 60

Thus, the length of the rectangle is 60 cm.

**Question 3. Find the length of a rectangle if its perimeter is 30 cm and breadth is 5 cm.**

**Solution:**

Perimeter of a rectangle = 2l + 2b

⇒ 2l + 2b = 30 cm

⇒ 2l + 2(5) = 30

⇒ 2l = 30 – 10

⇒ 2l = 20

⇒ l = 10

Thus, the length of the rectangle is 10 cm.

**Question 4. Find the length of a rectangle if its perimeter is 15 cm and breadth is 3 cm.**

**Solution:**

Perimeter of a rectangle = 2l + 2b

⇒ 2l + 2b = 15 cm

⇒ 2l + 2(5) = 15

⇒ 2l = 15 – 10

⇒ 2l = 5

⇒ l = 2.5

Thus, the length of the rectangle is 2.5 cm.

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