What is a PyMongo Cursor?

MongoDB is an open-source database management system that uses the NoSql database to store large amounts of data. MongoDB uses collection and documents instead of tables like traditional relational databases. MongoDB documents are similar to JSON objects but use a variant called Binary JSON (BSON) that accommodates more data types.

What is a Cursor?

When you use the function db.collection.find() to search documents in collections than as a result it returns a pointer. That pointer is known as a cursor. Consider if we have 2 documents in our collection, then cursor object will point to the first document and then iterate through all documents which are present in our collection.

PyMongo Cursor

As we already discussed what is a cursor. It is basically a tool for iterating over MongoDB queries. This cursor instance is returned by the find() method. Consider the below example for better understanding.

Example:



Sample Database:

python-mongodb-sample-database6

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code

from pymongo import MongoClient
      
# Connecting to mongodb    
client = MongoClient('mongodb://localhost:27017/')
  
with client:
      
    db = client.GFG
    lectures = db.lecture.find()
  
    print(lectures.next())
    print(lectures.next())
    print(lectures.next())    
      
    print("\nRemaining Lectures\n")
    print(list(lectures))

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Output:

python-mongodb-cursor

In this, find() method returns the cursor object.

lectures = db.lecture.find()

With the next() method we get the next document in the collection.

lectures.next()

With the list() method, we can transform the cursor to a Python list.

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