NULL pointer in C
At the very high level, we can think of NULL as a null pointer which is used in C for various purposes. Some of the most common use cases for NULL are
- To initialize a pointer variable when that pointer variable isn’t assigned any valid memory address yet.
* pInt = NULL;
- To check for a null pointer before accessing any pointer variable. By doing so, we can perform error handling in pointer related code e.g. dereference pointer variable only if it’s not NULL.
(pInt != NULL)
/*We could use if(pInt) as well*/
- To pass a null pointer to a function argument when we don’t want to pass any valid memory address.
/*Fun specific stuff is done with ptr here*/
Pointer to a Null Pointer
As Null pointer always points to null, one would think that Pointer to a Null Pointer is invalid and won’t be compiled by the compiler. But it is not the case.
Consider the following example:
Not only this program compiles but executes successfully to give the output as
Pointer to a null pointer is valid
What happens here is that when a Null pointer is created, it points to null, without any doubt. But the variable of Null pointer takes some memory. Hence when a pointer to a null pointer is created, it points to an actual memory space, which in turn points to null.
Hence Pointer to a null pointer is not only valid but important concept.
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